Annotated Bibliography Alex Gerondale

I found this research to be particularly interesting:
I thought the idea that how the mother acts before childbirth has major effect if the child will be obese or not.

This part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult:
Trying to find new things to say in my reflection.

Next time I would do this differently:
Shortened my summaries so i don't bore people

Wenk L. Gary PHD, "Why is Obesity So Hard to Defeat?", Psychology Today, Jan 11, 2012. Web. Feb 7, 2014.


Summary) The article's main point is that obesity is a result of not just poor diet and exercise but also overwritten tendencies in the brain. According to
Professor Gary L. Wenk when we eat food the chemicals, fats, salts, and proteins flow through our entire system including the brain. When passing through
our noggins the food we process gives the brain an idea of what the individual likes and determines what is pleasurable food or not by using the dopamine. The
dopamine is the part of the brain that releases pleasure, thus if we start a lifestyle that consists of eating junk all the time the brain determines that as the appropriate
diet. And the more we continue that lifestyle the more and more the dopamine will release pleasurable feelings to the body until the body is addicted to that feeling like
one would be to drugs. This makes it hard for the individual to change his lifestyle to escape obesity.

Assess) The article seems pretty reliable for information even though its somewhat outdated being a year old. The ethos of the article comes from a Professor Gary L. Wenk who teaches Psychology & Neuroscience & Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics at the Ohio State University and Medical Center, and he also is a leading authority on the consequences of chronic brain inflammation and animal models of Alzheimer's disease. The article is also published is Psychology Today a credible site. The writing is very objective and focus on the idea that obesity is more a result of brain function then personal choices. It also had a strong purpose that focused on helping people through science and medicine. This data can be used for my future papers in trying to convince people that obesity isn't just a choice.

Reflection) This article was very relevant to my topic that focuses on obesity and how to prevent, defeat, and know how it functions. The writer also gives me a interesting point of view that brain function and its natural mechanics could be a result of obesity. It also focus mostly on how obesity works giving me very detailed info. On top of that it comes from a credible source making it perfect for me.

McKay Betsey, "The ABCs of Beating Obesity", The Wall Street Journal, May 8, 2012 .Web. Feb 9, 2014.


Summary) The article focuses on how to control obesity. The main goals for them is trying to get unhealthy meals out of schools, to tax
sugar drink companies, and to force 60 minutes of activity in schools. Many people in the article believe that if people were to tax/regulate
sugary drinks then the companies would be forced to make their drinks more healthier. Unfortunately the sugar drink companies have got
out of all attempts to make them do so. The people also want to force exercise and food regulations in public schools so they can prevent obesity
and food disorders at a early age. Even the first lady Ms. Obama got the "lets move" campaign group going to make food healthy in schools but was soon
stopped by congress when they tried to get pizza off the lunch menu. Overall the article puts up the idea that you can prevent obesity by controlling it at an early
age and regulating the food market.

Access) The source was a bit iffy on reliability. For one its over a year old and seems biases towards unhealthy food companies. Nevertheless it comes
from the Wall Street Journal which has plenty of credibility and it does provide many countermeasures against obesity that people have attempted to do in
the past, but couldn't because it never went into law. The ethos came from many doctors, McKay, and nutritionists all of which are people who know how obesity works.
There is also pathos with how the writer tells how there will be over 190.2 billion dollars in annually cost for medicine a year world wide expressing urgency of the situation.
The source is credible but it could be more objected thought and could have been more recently updated.

Reflection) The story was closely tied to my topic of preventing and understanding obesity. It is a pretty good credible source and it
will help me construct a thesis for my future papers by using methods for fixing obesity. It will help me shape my argument that obesity is more
then just a human choice, but that companies and greed are also at fault.

Dr. Trinkoff PHD, "Obesity in Nurses Linked to 'Adverse Work Schedules'", American Collage of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug 3, 2012.Web.Feb 10, 2014.


Summary) This scientific article went to tell about how being overworked and overstressed leads to obesity in the nursing program. According to the study you have a 55 percent chance of being obese if you are forced to work long hours because you find little room for physical activity and restful sleep. But in contrast nurses with favorable work hours tend to beoverweight because of habits with all their free time. Such trends include smoking, drinking, fast food binge runs (both overworked and under worked nurses for the fast food thing) that all lead to obesity. The article wishes to focus on a middle ground to stop nurse obesity.

Access) Considering all the facts I would have to say this source is credible. It comes from a national study done by a scientific organization, it is somewhat recent, and the writer is a doctor that focuses on obesity problems himself. He also used his own hospital as a test for obesity meaning that he cares about the problem and will provide true facts. The article did present info that is somewhat common knowledge but the survey makes it useful as a source. Overall the thing is short of new info but great at supporting the common claims.

Reflection) I think this will be great for support on how obesity starts and will definitively help with the opening paragraph of my future papers. this
will help present a good start to shaping the ideas of my argument by saying obesity start by stress and a overworked life.

Brody Jane, "Many Fronts in Fighting Obesity", New York Times, May 20, 2013.Web.Feb 11, 2014.


Summary) The idea behind the story that was presented is that obesity isn't just a factor of eating too much sugar or high fructose corn syrup, but is mostly a result of bad habits, surrounding environment, transformation of food, and of course family income. There area a lot of examples of all of these things but one of the major ones is that food companies these days tend to transform their food to make it more addicting. One such case is with a bagel brand that used to only weigh 2 ounces at 160 calories, but to make them more filling the company now had them at 10 ounces and 800 calories. And of course all the great food that surrounds people is hard to ignore with mental will power alone thus we cave into our desires. Good, healthy, and low fat food like fruits and vegetables are a lot more expensive then bad foods because of shelf life, which in turn gives people more incentive to by bad food because it cheaper. The article gives numerous examples and statics about why people are getting more obese (such that more women are getting into the workforce so there are less home cooked meals) but the main idea of it is that getting obese had more to do with social issues rather then personal choice.

Access) The article was very credible having the New York times as a publisher and Michael Pollan as a source. Michael Pollan is an author for dietary books and is also a professor at University of California. The time the article was written so far is better updated then any of my other articles and has an explosive volume of good material. The article also was very objective, focusing in on well calculated stats and facts. The purpose was to teach people to watch out for what you eat and what situations (whether they be family or location) you put yourself in. Definitely can use this to form my argument that social life has more of a effect on obesity then human choice.

Reflection) Loved it, the article is like a treasure chest full of things I can use for arguments in future papers. The source was extremely creditable and it has made me think more about how obesity really starts in our society. It will definitely fill in details I need to support my claims on obesity and how it develops and how to prevent it. Glad I discovered this source.

Callaway Wayne, "Women's Health Nutrition", Public Health Reports (JSTOR), June 17, 1974.Web.Feb 12, 2014.


Summary) The journal entry talked about obesity as a whole as it began to develop rapidly forty years ago. Or in other words it focused on what obesity is down to it's finer points. Like the study that obesity increases 3 percent every year and that currently 65 percent of the population that is forty years or older is overweight. These studies got them to readjust the appropriate weight level. But that isn't all that the journal goes over, it gets into how actual health is effected by weight. In other words you could be heavy but healthy so long as you fit in the proper proportions, like being tall and muscular. The writer also went through the facts that being overweight in the wrong frame of body leads to diabetes, hypertension, and even osteoporosis. The idea of family history came into the issue, to downsize it if you have a family history of overweight people your chances of being obese rise just like with any other genetic issue. The journal got to the main idea of how obesity originates and how it functions in our lives.

Access) The journal entry online was great with lots of details on how obesity comes about and how its increasing. The information was reliable in the CRAAP's test by being a library resource and part of a thesis for Public Health. It may not be recent being several decades old but it value in information isn't any less reliable from the pieces of information today, most of the facts echo the same view points. The writer also is very credible being the director of Nutrition at George Washington's Medical Center. The author present purpose that people will become overweight due to family history or habits. This was a great source other then the age of it.

Reflection) The source was great at defining obesity as a whole and forming many true facts on how it starts and develops over time. The credibility is flawless other then maybe age and will give me extra leverage in supporting future papers. This journal entry would be very useful in any opening paragraph to get people's heads around the idea of obesity. It even has enough info to add more details in supporting paragraphs. Great resource to have.

Crosnoe Robert, "Gender, Obesity, and Education", Sociology of Education (JSTOR), July 3, 2007.Web.Feb 13, 2014.


Summary) This journal wanted to express the relationship of obesity between education and gender. The writer goes through the idea that social implications shape who we are. For example if people say your handsome/hot then you will believe your good looking and will try to live up to that standard, the same applies to obesity. If your called fat you will believe you are fat pushing you farther down the weight line. Crosnoe also went over the theory that people of go to collage have high chances of being overweight due to the stress, the obligations, and the profession that you may do that won't keep you active. He also wanted to touch on the idea that women are more prone and in danger of obesity given their emotional state with hormones, in other words women desire to fit the bill of perfection so much that they make other women feel bad to make themselves feel more in shape. The consequences of this social issue leads more women then men into obesity and this particular problem is more active in youths in collage. Thus obesity is more of a epidemic among young people then old due to the sociology of today's world.

Access) This journal was a great resource to go over. It was not so recently written being published in 2007 but the credibility is still great being found in the libraries academic resources (JSTOR). Not to mention the writer is from the University of Texas (Austin), he also drew in most of his data from a government source called National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The information was also another supporter of how obesity doesn't just come from personal choices of individuals but by social and physical decisions that are outside of one's control. Along with have extremely accurate info on the sociology of the issue and a strong purpose it was a great source.

Reflection) It is a ok source to have for my research and offers some more insight that obesity is more of a social and physical issue rather then a question of willpower. The journal did repeat some things that I already read in other sources so that at best it gives more support to the claims. I did find new research on how gender fits into the problem, which will be useful in saying that because females are more sociable they lead more females into obesity then males. My only complaint is that I wished it had more statistics to add as evidence.

Muth Natalie, M.D., M.P.H., R.D., "Does Childhood Obesity Start at Conception?", Certified News (ACE), Jan, 2012.Web.Feb 13, 2014.


Summary) This article was a very interesting topic on how obesity develops upon conception and while children are in the womb. Muth believes that obesity isn't just a matter of lifestyle, personal choice, and or environment but also a matter of who your parents are and how the mother acts while you are still in the womb. For instance if a individual had a history of obese family members then the odds of fat themselves goes up 48 percent. But even healthy parent who aren't overweight can still play a role in how a baby develops, such as if the mom gains too much weight during pregnancy by eating junky food. This in turn develops high blood sugar that goes into the baby and gives them a need for bad food upon birth. Other things like the mother's lack of physical activity or overeating habits can also effect the baby initial weight intake. The article ended with a series of things pregnant women can do to prevent such outcomes.

Access) The credibility was very good being from (ACE) and the writer having a M.D (Master's Degree) in health. The purpose was to prevent and inform how childhood obesity can start even before childbirth giving a unique perspective of my own research on how obesity develops. The info was accurate and new compared to my other sources. On top of which it isn't even that old making it a recently dug up piece of information.

Reflection) This article was exactly what I've been looking for, because it presents facts that I haven't seen anywhere else among my other research. It gives me new ideas on how to start my papers with the plan that not only does social atmosphere, choice, and body function dictate obesity but also that your mom may have a hand in it. This article has given me a new outlook on how to approach and develop my papers, that and my option on how obesity starts has changed.

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