Annotated Bibliography Belina

Annotated Bibliography Possible Sources

Biello, David. "Will Organic Food Fail to Feed the World?" Scientific American Global RSS. Scientific American, 25 Apr. 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.

The title of the article poses the main question, "Will Organic Food Fail to Feed the World?" In the article, Biello talks about a study conducted by two major universities and states some of the conclusions drawn from the study. He brings up the topic of perennial crops and how they may be able to benefit farmers. Biello also brings up the other side of the argument of how the private sector would not embrace this idea because it would not provide a good source of profit. He concludes the article by stating, "There is unlikely to be a simple solution."

The information was posed in 2012 and the links are functional. It has not been revised at all and relates directly to my topic. The information was presented in an understandable format for readers that are somewhat familiar with the issue and have some background information in farming. The author is not well qualified to write on this subject but I would feel comfortable citing this source in my paper because He cites credible sources and studies. The information comes from Scientific American and is supported by evidence that I can verify from past studies and articles. The purpose of this article is to inform the audience of the current issue and propose solutions to this problem and the author does so without any obvious spelling or grammatical errors.

This source was helpful to me because it was a fairly big article for online magazine standards. It produced a lot of information from a study that matches other conclusions from other studies I have found. This source brought up the idea of perennials and other solutions I had not thought of before. This gave me other possible solutions I can explore and try to find research that supports these solutions.

Boatman, Liz. "The Organic Food Debate:." The Berkeley Science Review. Berkeley Science Review, 14 Sept. 2012. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.

The article begins by stating the problems with journalist sensationalism when it comes to consumer health and safety. The article then goes on to cite a study conducted by researchers from Standford University. The author talks about how the media twists the findings to create more interesting news stories when, in reality, the findings are very straightforward. The article goes on to cite six news statements and translates them into a language that is more easily understood and concludes the article by asking for responses to the questions asked in the last paragraph.

This article was published in 2012 and has not been revised at all. The links are functional and the intended audience is stated in the article as a "science-literate and compassionate audience." The information in this article relates to my topic as well as the study cited in the article. Boatman is not well-qualified to write on this subject, but I read parts of the study she cited and can verify the information in the article. The information comes from The Berkeley Science Review, a fairly credible source, and the information was clear of spelling and grammatical errors. The purpose of this article was to inform people that they cannot always take news stories at face value. They have to dig deeper into the story and draw conclusions based on their own findings.

I don't know how I can include this article in my paper yet. I will know once I start setting up the framework for the paper if I am going to use it or not. This article brought up a problem that I was not aware of and it opened my eyes to the over-complication of news statements. But the Stanford study summarizes the same findings I have seen in other places as well.

Forster, Dionys, Christian Andres, Rajeev Verma, Christine Zundel, Monika Messmer, and Paul Mader. "Yield and Economic Performance of Organic and Conventional Cotton-Based Farming Systems – Results from a Field Trial in India." PLOS ONE:. N.p., 4 Dec. 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.

This article was arguing the difference between organic and conventional farming systems in cotton production. The main point of this article was to report the finding in a study that was conducted in India. The article covers topics such as a description of the trial and how it will be conducted, displaying of the results with room for discussion, and what can be learned from this study and how it can be used for future applications. The article dives deep into statistical and economic analysis from the findings of the study for a good portion of the article.

The information was posted on December 4, 2013, making it fairly recent. It has not been updated recently and there are no links. Recent information is the most relevant information for this topic, but older information may work just as well. This source is not exactly relevant to this region of the world because Indian soil most likely has a different composition than the soil in this region. This article's intended audience is one of higher education and one that has a lot of knowledge in this area of study. The information in this study was getting above my head. Some of the references they were making made it somewhat difficult to understand at times. I understood the statistical analysis fairly well because I have a decently strong background in stats. Without that background, it would be a very difficult article to understand. I would probably hesitate to use this article in my research paper because of the relevancy factor. The authors of this article are credible in this field and the url ends in .org, furthering credibility. The language used in the article is fairly unbiased and free from spelling or grammatical errors. The purpose of this article is to inform the reader about the results of cropping trials and the information is displayed in a manner that makes it hard to dispute.

This source helped me understand the basic way one can conduct a cropping trial. It had some similarities to other studies I have read. It would have helped me out a lot if the trial had been conducted in the U.S. to help make it more relevant to the audience of my research paper. This source did not change how I feel about my topic, but it did help to shape my argument a little more.

Leighton, Walter K. "Comparing the Yields of Organic and Conventional Agriculture." Journalists Resource RSS. Journalist Resource, 20 June 2012. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

This article was reporting the findings of a research study done that compared the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. It was a fairly short article that consisted of an introductory paragraph followed by a brief overview of the research findings. These findings give statistics between the yield gap of the two farming practices. Finally, the article concludes with a quote directly from the study.

This article was published on June 20, 2012 and has not been revised. This article is exactly what I am looking for and the intended audience is at an appropriate level. Background information is not required to understand this article. I have some reservations about the authors credibility, but I read the abstract of the study he is citing and I would feel comfortable using this source in my paper. The article was posted on and I can verify the information by cross referencing with other sources. The author gives a fairly unbiased view of this topic and the information is factual and accurate.

This source was very helpful to me but I am disappointed that I could not find free access to the actual study. The study is exactly what I am looking for but I will have to settle for citing this article that cites the study. This article fits perfectly into my argument and I would be ecstatic if I could find the actual study, but this article will work well given the statistics it states.

Pimentel, David, Paul Hepperly, James Hanson, David Douds, and Rita Seidel. "BioScience." Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems. Oxford Journals, 2005 Web. 18 Feb. 2015.

This article was written as a way to display the results of a 22-year study analyzing the differences between conventional cropping, organic animal-based cropping, and organic legume-based cropping. The experiment was conducted by the Rodale Institute Farming Systems Trial. The article goes on to explain what measurements are being recorded in the experiment. These include statistics such as grain yields, percolated water volumes, and soil nitrogen along with other factors. The article made use of histograms to create a visual aid in order to increase the importance of certain measurements, instead of simply rattling off lists of numbers comparing the three cropping techniques. It was a fairly easy article to read due to the way the information was sequenced. It covered all of the topics I was looking for such as: An overview of the trial and who was conducting it, what was going to be measured during the trial, results, discussions of the results and different conclusions that can be drawn from the experiment as a whole.

This article was published in 2005 and has not been revised. This topic will be more accurate if newer information can be found, but there is a lot of information published in this study that can be useful regardless of age. The article did not contain any links but did contain functional shortcuts while referencing sources. The information relates to my topic very well and I would be pretty comfortable citing this source in my research paper. The intended audience is one that has a background in farming in general. It does not require a deep knowledge of farming, but basic terms must be understood for this article to be relevant. The study was published in the Bioscience portion of the Oxford Journals but it is online so the url ends in .org. All of the authors of this study work in fields of agriculture and have good credentials that strengthen the validity of this article. They seemed to have published this study to inform people about the results of their study. There did not seem to be any persuasion tactics throughout the entire article. The information reported was all factual and there did not seem to be any personal biases that showed through the writing style of the authors.

This source was very helpful in my research and I was very excited to find it. It produced a lot statistics that gave me an idea of a topic I could argue. This article did not change how I feel about the topic but it did expand my thinking and knowledge in general about the topic of conventional versus organic cropping techniques. I believe that I can use this source in my research paper because the facts seem to be accurate and this was a study that was conducted under relatively controlled conditions. Finding this study helped me formulate questions that narrowed down my search for other sources concerning this topic making it a very useful source.

Ponti, Tomek De, Bert Rijk, and Martin K. Van Ittersum. "The Crop Yield Gap between Organic and Conventional Agriculture." The Crop Yield Gap between Organic and Conventional Agriculture. Agricultural Systems, Apr. 2012. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.

The main topic of this article was to report the findings of a study that was conducted almost worldwide concerning the crop yield gap between organic and conventional agriculture. The article started off by giving an overview of the entire project in the introduction followed by more in-depth analysis of the actual experiment. The methods of how the experiment would be conducted were stated and the authors let it be known that they will be citing other sources for additional information in this field of study. The methods of statistical analyses are also discussed in the first part of this article. The results are explained in sentences regarding the crop yield gap and displayed in neat tables as well. The article then discusses tactics of farming that may be useful in increasing the overall yield for both farming systems.

This information was published in 2012 and has been revised once. This recent date of publication makes it a lot more relevant compared to other sources I have seen. This source relates very well to my topic of conventional and organic farming systems and I would feel comfortable citing this source in my research paper. The intended audience of this article are those who have background in farming systems and can read statistical analyses. The information gets a little advanced at times but overall it was a fairly easy article to read. Science Direct published this article and this adds to the credibility of the authors as well as the article. The authors are based out of The Netherlands and work for Plant Production Systems at Wageningen University. The statistical analysis of the different systems is partially verified by other sources. This source has a lot more samples than other sources making it hard to find other verification.

This article is one of the most helpful sources I have found. It helped give me ideas of how I could narrow down my topic. There was lots of good statistical information, and plenty of samples to back them up, that could really aid in a research paper.

Yadav, S. K., Subhash Babu, M. K. Yadav, Kalyan Singh, G. S. Yadav, and Suresh Pal. "A Review of Organic Farming for Sustainable Agriculture in Northern India." A Review of Organic Farming for Sustainable Agriculture in Northern India. Hindawi International Journal of Agronomy, May 2013. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

The main point of this article is to see if India can switch over to organic agriculture and still produce enough crops to sustain the country. The article talks about different aspects of organic farming and the effects of organic nutrition on soil fertility. The article goes in depth about how organic agriculture is impacting the organic carbon, soluble phosphorous, exchangeable potassium and pH levels in the soil.

This article was published in May of 2013, making it fairly recent, and it has not been revised. The information in this study relates to my topic but I am clearly not part of the intended audience. The vocabulary is difficult to understand at times and there are lots of compounds that I am not familiar with. This article is intended for people with higher chemistry backgrounds. I would be a little uneasy about citing this source in my paper. The authors have good credibility and are qualified to conduct a study on this subject. There are no blatant spelling or grammatical errors in this study and the tone seem unbiased and free of emotion. The reason the authors conducted this study was to see if India could switch to organic agriculture and still feed the growing population and the information in this article is factual.

I can't figure out how I would fit this source into my research. The study may not be as relevant as I want in my research paper because it was conducted in India. It was an insightful article but it was difficult to understand at times. It did not change how I feel about this subject. At first glance it looked like a good source but, after reading it, this seems like a very complicated article to try to cite.

Annotated Bibliography Peer Review Belina

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