Annotated Bibliography By Carly Dietrich

Writer's Memo

I found this part of my paper to be particularly interesting:
This part was surprisingly difficult:
Next time I would do this differently:

-I found that the amount of energy and resources we use to create a single bottle was crazy. I never thought that our minimal resources would be used for such disposable items
- Citing. For some reason I alway think that I am doing it wrong, or that I am not giving credit that is due

I found this research to be particularly interesting:The amount of oil it takes to make a single plastic water bottle. It's horrifying.
This part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult: I found myself repeating myself a lot when talking about my sources. Finding different word choice was defiantly a challenge.
Next time I would do this differently: Start earlier like you told us to do…

Ellsbury, Hannah. "Plastic Water Bottles Impose Health and Environmental Risks." Ban the Bottle RSS. N.p., 23 Aug. 2012. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.

This article is explaining the negative effects of using plastic water bottles. It explains multiple reasons why plastic water bottles are so harmful to our planet. A few examples are energy consumption, the increase of our landfills, and the harmful chemicals put into our earth, and our bodies. This article not only looks at the negative affects plastic bottles have on us, but also explains, if recycled correctly, the plastic from the bottles can be made into other products.

I found that this source useful. The article was published on August 23, 2012, which is current. The author includes 2 links, such as National Geographic and Recycle Both sources are very reliable, and the links bring you right to her source of the information. This article is relevant to my topic because it is explaining many of the negative effects plastic water bottles can have only being used once. This article was very easy to follow, it is written well, but easy to understand. This article was posted on a organization called "Ban the Bottle" that promotes the environment by advocating ban on one-time plastic bottles. Ellsbury has many articles posted on this site. I was unable to find actual information about her, but none the less her writing seems to be a very reliable source. Ellsbury's purpose is to educate the public about the multiple harmful impacts the use and production of plastic water bottles has on our world. Her conclusion consists of tips for the public on recycling and using alternative bottles for drinking water.

This source was very helpful for my arguments sake. This was the first article I found that gave me enough information to expand on afterwards. This source only reassured my negative thoughts on plastic water bottles, it gave me more facts so that I was able to support my prior thoughts. Since it is not the longest article I am referring to, it will not be the bulk of my article, but it will include good supporting evidence to strengthen my argument.

Didier, Suzanna. "Water Bottle Pollution Facts." Home Guides. Demand Media, 16 July 2011. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

This article investigates the negative impacts of plastic water bottle production and use. The article consists of many statistics and facts involving oil consumption by production of bottles, contaminants within the plastic, and the costs of money and energy for transporting bottled water across the country. In depth, the author also explains the amount of bottles used a year are not nearly close to the amount that is put into the recycling system. This then leaves millions of bottles to sit in landfills and decompose slowly for 700 years.

This article will be useful in my argument. The article was published July 16th, 2011 onto the Home Guides website. This article is useful to me because it gives me a lot of statistics to back up my arguments with. It will make my argument more credible because I will have actual numbers from reliable sources that the author provides on her links. She had several links and all were functional and productive. The links bring the reader right to the statistic she incorporated within her article. The article was very well done, it was easy to understand and follow along. There was no confusion while I read it. The author, Suzanna Didier, is a freelance writer for Home Guides website. Her work has also appeared in National Geographic and She has taught at the elementary, and college levels. She attended University of Oregon and holds a Master of Arts in education. This article is trying to persuade the audience that the production of plastic bottles should he stop, though the entire article was statistic and factual.

This article will be a great help to me. It doesn't give me the bulk of my information, but its a great source to have on the side of my other sources. It will compliment the others well to make my argument more clear and stronger. This article will only better my opinion about the use of plastic water bottles and how they should discontinue production.

Huber, Marguerite K. "Bottled Water: The Risks to Our Health, Our Environment, and Our Wallets." Thesis. Indiana University, 2010. 2010. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.

In a small, 7 page portion of this thesis, the author explains the environmental impacts of plastic water bottle use and that not only do plastic water bottles have consequences to our planets health, but to our physical health as well. The author talks about the harmful chemicals that are ingested into our bodies and also our worlds. Topics such as, lack of recycling of bottles, bottles in our ocean, energy consumption and waste, and groundwater depletion are all visited.

This article will be one of my main sources for information. Compared to my other sources this seems to be one of the most credible and knowledgeable. The author is an undergraduate at Indiana University named Marguerite Kaye Huber who studied public and environmental affairs while at school. Since this was an excerpt of her senior thesis, the information has to be valid and up to date. After every fact or statistic she quotes, she has a citation the quickly follows. She also has an annotated bibliography at her conclusion. This was also written in 2010, making it pretty recent. All her research should be current and still be correct. Although this was her senior thesis, it was still very easy to understand and follow along with. Huber's purpose is to inform the public about the negative impacts that plastic water bottles bring to our world. This piece of writing seems to only be objective, not biased, the author is simply stating the facts.

This source is one of the best sources I came across. It's is completely factual and credited. I don't second guess her research at all. This source will contains my main arguments within my final paper. This source has only strengthen my view on this matter, if not made me more aware about the dangers of plastic water bottles.

Gleick, P H, and H S Cooley. "Energy Implications of Bottled Water." IOPscience. IOP Publishing, 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

This article includes concerns about waste generation, proper use of groundwater, hydrologic effects on local surface and groundwater economic costs and more. A key concern that the author explains is how much energy is required to produce and use water bottles. Within this article is a estimate of the energy footprint required for various of bottle water production, transpiration and use. The authors also use a site-specific example, Los Angeles, to show the energy required from production to the point of use.

I got this source from the Google Scholar database. Since this article was found on a database, the information is correct and credible. The only problem that I found a little worrisome is the date. This article was published in 2006. Which means it is 8 years old, none the less I still plan on using this information in my final argument. I don't believe that there is much change in the information. This article is a tad hard to understand. That being said, one of the authors, P H Gleick, is an american scientist who is known for his work with water and climate issues. Since the men who wrote this article are renowned scientist I would expect there language to be at a higher level than my other articles so far. This source is nothing short of facts. This article is completely objective and has no biased. Within the article there are numerous graphs and charts with the data they collected. Data doesn't lie.
No, but it can be interpreted and used in many different ways, also the collection and analysis methods may be questionable/biased. Always be skeptical. Hamann

I plan on using this article, but not a ton. For my purposes this is a little to articulated. It would be to hard to comprehend and for my audience it would be also. It will be great support for my points, but it won't be much more then that.

Zyga, Lisa. "How Much Energy Goes Into Making a Bottle of Water?" N.p., 17 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

This article explains the work of Peter Gleick, and Heather Cooley from the Pacific Institute in Oakland, CA. They estimated the energy required to produce bottled water, including the energy required to manufacture plastic, fabricate the plastic into bottles, process the water, fill and seal the bottles, transept the bottles, and chill the bottles for use. In conclusion, they found that producing the plastic bottles and transporting the bottles greatly dominated the energy input.

Oddly enough, this article is a simpler explanation of one of the other sources I am using. This article is more recent then the article it is summarizing. This was written in 2009. It's not as recent as I would I would like it to be, but it still provides valid information. This article is much more audience friendly. The text is much easier to understand and follow than it counterpart. This article will be much more helpful to me than the actual study because I understand this text compared to the study. Sadly, I could not find a lot on the author of this article. Her name is Lisa Zyga. She seems to be credible because she is simply restating a more complex experiment in simpler words. She did have one link that brought you to the actual experiment that was conducted. The link was perfectly functional. This article is objective because it is only stating facts and making a hard concept easier to understand.

I will use this article more than the actual experiment. This article is much easier to understand and to follow. This isn't one of my best sources, but the summary of the experiment will make my argument more credible. Since this was an experiment that was conducted, the facts are very valid and can be very useful to my argument.

Arnold, Emily. "Bottled Water: Pouring Resources Down the Drain." Earth Policy Institute. Earth Policy Institute, 2 Feb. 2006. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.

In this article, the author explains that the global consumption of bottled water has skyrocketed in the past few years. Even in places where they have perfectly good tap water the demand for bottled water is still increasing-producing unnecessary garbage and consuming vast quantities of energy. The production of bottled water is only hurting our world and not benefitting it at all.

This source is a very good source. It seems to be one of my more reliable sources, since it came from the Earth Policy Institute website. Only reviewed sources are allowed to be presented within that site. This particular article is a little outdated, it was written in 2006, but I still plan to use this a source. I had a very hard time finding anything on the author Emily Arnold. But, since she did make it on this website I am sure she is nothing but impressive and credible when it comes to her writing. Within this article, there are a few links that are all functional and productive. The author also prepared a reference page at the end of her writing. This source was very easy to read and understand. The text was well done, but not overly scientific. This source is objective as well, there is nothing but facts that the author can back up with her references. I never felt that she was being biased or trying to sway the audiences view. She simply states the cold, hard facts.

I plan on using this source. It comes from a great website with a valid author. It will help me shape my argument because it has some views that are different from my other sources. Diversity within my sources will only make my argument stronger and easier to read for that matter.

Larsen, Janet. "Bottled Wate Boycotts: Back-to-the-Tap Movement Gains Momentum." Earth Policy Institute. Earth Policy Institute, 7 Dec. 2007. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

This article is explaining that cities all over the country, high-class restaurants, schools, and religious groups are refusing to to use bottled water and instead use what was coming out of the faucet. According to this article, people aren't wiling to a pay 1,000 times as much for bottled water, a product no better than water from the tap, a backlash against bottled water. This article also mentions that the public was upset about the negative impacts the production of plastic water bottles has on the environment.

This article will be very useful to me in my argument. This article will be a great source of pathos for my audience. This article is different because it isn't about that science, instead it is about the emotions and movements to stop production of plastic water bottles. This source was written in 2007. This being said it isn't the most current article, but none the less I still plan on using it. It is a very credible source because it can be seen on the Earth Policy Institute website. The author of this article is actually the director of research and incorporator of the Earth Policy Institute, therefore she is more than qualified to write this article. There are a few links present within this article, all of which are functional. This article seems to for the most part objective, seeing that most of the events that occurred really did occur. But I do have a little doubt that there is some form of bias because she is the director of the site this article was posted on. I still feel that it will help my argument greatly, and I plan to utilize it.

This article is going to be one of my most utilized sources. This article is really going to shape my argument into more the just facts and statistics. This will strengthen my view because I will now have an emotional source as well. I feel that my audience will be more willing to understand my view if they have something to feel for, rather then just listening to me ramble on about facts and statistics.

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