Annotated Bibliography Courtney Haas

http://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/no-test-to-diagnose-wheat-or-gluten-sensitivity

I found this research to be particularly interesting: I have been wondering why people follow a gluten free diet and I realized that there is way more reasons than just a "fad diet" that people do.
This part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult: It was difficult for me to get information other than on Celiac disease. It was also really difficult to find why people followed a gluten free diet when they actually had no medical reason.
Next time I would do this differently: Next time I would attempt to give myself more time to get this done.

Will a Gluten-Free Diet Improve Your Health

Storrs, Carina. "Will a Gluten-Free Diet Improve Your Health." www.health.com. Health Media Ventures, Inc., April 5th, 2011. Web. February 7th, 2014.

The article talked about Celiac disease and how it effects the body's ability to digest gluten. Gluten is found in wheat, rye, and barley along with any food products made with these grains. Health problems occur when people with Celiac disease eat and product that has gluten. Dr. Daniel Leffler (assistant at Harvard Medical School) talked about how they are still learning about gluten intolerance and suggest that we all have a little gluten intolerance. Health problems occur from lack of vitamins and nutrients. It was suggested that gluten intolerance is a "spectrum of conditions" ranging from Celiac disease to "gluten-related gastrointestinal problems." Dr. Leffler suggested cutting out gluten to see if you are sensitive to it. They also stated that gluten free diets are not necessarily healthier than any other diet.

This source was helpful for me. It gave some basic information on why people have to follow a gluten free diet. It also touched base on the gluten free "fad diet." I think it's a pretty good resource. The factual information they have came directly from a Harvard University assistant in the medical school along with a doctor that is part of the Celiac research department at the University of Maryland. This source gave a basic background into the Celiac disease and other diseases that cause people to follow a gluten free diet.

This source helped me to get started. It gave me a couple more reasons as to why people follow a gluten free diet which means I have more things to research. It's a few years old, but I still think it'll help with my research.

Gluten-free diet: What's allowed, what's not

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Gluten-free diet: What's allowed, what's not." www.mayoclinic.org. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, December 20th, 2011. Web. February 10th, 2014.

The article starts off saying what a gluten free diet entails. It then explains why people follow a gluten free diet, which is for celiac disease. It talked about foods that you can eat and listed grains that can be eaten with a gluten free diet. It then listed foods and drinks containing certain grains and certain other wheat products. They then gave a list of foods to avoid unless labeled "gluten free." They warn against cross-contamination that can occur in factories. They then list the risks of following gluten free diet which includes vitamin deficiencies and also talks about what happens if you do eat something with gluten.

It's very reliable since it was written by Mayo Clinic staff. It's a couple years old though. It's written very simply so anybody can read it.

It's very basic information and I'm not entirely sure if I'll end up using it. If I do it'll be for the deficiencies and risks of eating gluten when you really shouldn't.

The Rise and Fall of Celiac Disease in the United States

Abel, Emily K. "The Rise and Fall of Celiac Disease in the United States." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 65.1 (2010): 81-105. Project MUSE. Web. February 12th, 2014.

It starts off giving a brief definition of what Celiac disease is. It mentioned the first paper written about celiac disease in 1888. It then goes into when the US discovered celiac disease in the late-nineteenth into the early-twentieth centuries. It goes into a brief history of the formation of medical specialties and pediatric care. It then goes into how and by who celiac disease was discovered in the United States. Then it goes into the first treatment plan for celiac disease. It then talks about the nutritional value of bananas and how they were originally used to treat celiac disease. It then goes into the newest discovery that it's gluten that causes the disease and that patients should follow a gluten free diet. Talks about how technology was created and used to do an intestinal biopsy proving gluten theory.

It's a reliable source since it was written for a Medicine and Science Journal. It has a lot of historical information, but I'm not sure how much of it I'll actually be able to use. It seems almost to the complicated side of content.

This information is useful because it gives a background into celiac disease. I'm just not sure how I'll fit it into the rest of my research.

Gluten-free- The Inside Story

Purcell NMD, Dr, Andrea. "Gluten-free- The Inside Story." NutricalaMagazine.com. Nutricala Magazine, December 18th, 2012. Web. February 13th, 2014.

The article first goes over what gluten is and where it comes from. It then lists the grains to avoid since they contain gluten. It then goes into the two different proteins found in gluten and which one leads to celiac disease and gluten sensitivity. It then explains what celiac disease and how it works in the body. It goes into how prevalent celiac disease is and that it is hereditary. It also explains how people can be tested for celiac disease. Then it lists the three groups of people who should avoid gluten. It then explains the difference between sensitivity and an allergy to gluten. It then lists the sensitivity and allergy symptoms along with some foods that have gluten hidden inside. It then gives a way for people to do an at home test to see if they are sensitive or allergic to gluten. It then goes into an explanation as to why gluten allergy/sensitivity is so prevalent now. It then goes into how to follow a gluten free diet and how a gluten free food is not always good.

This source definitely expanded on some of the other information I gathered from my other sources. The author is a licensed primary care doctor and specializes in digestive health, weight gain, and hormone balancing. Due to the fact she is a licensed doctor and specializes in digestive health, I believe this article is pretty reliable.

This article expanded on the information I've already gathered. It gave a little more insight plus some information that wasn't mentioned in my other sources.

The Gluten-Free, Casein-Free Diet in Autism: An Overview With Clinical Implications

Harrisons Elder, Jennifer. "The Gluten-Free, Casein-Free Diet in Autism: An Overview With Clinical Implications." Nutrition in Clinical Practice 23.6 (2008-2009): 583-588. Web. February 13th, 2014.

The article starts off with explaining autism. It then briefly talked about when children are usually diagnosed with autism and the current treatment for autism. The article then states that the GFCF diet is "scientifically unproven." It then gives theories as to why these diets are supposed to work. The article then went into a brief explanation as to where the GFCF diet came from. It then briefly went over an experiment that was done to see the effect a GFCF diet had on autistic children. It then went over tests and experiments done with children suffering from autism to see their levels of gluten intolerance. The article explains there is some positive feedback on a GFCF diet for children suffering from autism, but there isn't enough evidence to prove anything.

The writer of the article has a PhD, RN, FAAN so she's very qualified. The article is very scientific and a little to complex. It is also quite a few years old.

I most likely won't use this article because it is complex and outdated. It opened my eyes to the fact that people might use a gluten free diet for something other than a gluten intolerance or as a "fad diet."

Gluten-free diet prevents diabetes in NOD mice

Funda, D. P., Kaas, A., Bock, T., Tlaskalová-Hogenová, H. and Buschard, K. (1999), Gluten-free diet prevents diabetes in NOD mice. Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews, 15: 323–327. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-7560(199909/10)15:5<323::AID-DMRR53>3.0.CO;2-P

The article explains what type 1 diabetes is. It then talks about a possible connection between celiac disease and type 1 diabetes. The article then goes into what they did for their experiment (getting the mice and setting it up, specified the diets the mice had). The article then went into their results.

The writers of this article all work at some kind of higher up institution that specializes in these kind of experiments and research. The article is very outdated and extremely complex/scientific.

I won't be using this article because it is so complex/scientific and it's very outdated.

The Benefits of a Gluten-Free Diet

Cespedes, Andrea. "The Benefits of a Gluten-Free Diet." LiveStrong. Demand Media. Web. February 13th, 2014.

The article explains what gluten is and where to find it. It then gives a brief explanation of celiac disease and gluten intolerance what ingesting gluten can do to your body. It also briefly talks about using a gluten-free diet to lose weight even though you are not gluten intolerant or have celiac disease. It also explains a couple other mood disorders that can be eased by eating gluten-free along with other autoimmune diseases.

I do not know the credentials of the author, but it is on LiveStrong.com which is pretty reliable. It doesn't really have much information but did include some diseases and disorders that haven't been mentioned that use a gluten-free diet to try and control symptoms.

I most likely won't use this source unless to do further research. It's a couple years old and I don't know how qualified the author is.

http://www.health.com/health/article/0,,20479423_2,00.html
http://www.mayoclinic.org/gluten-free-diet/ART-20048530?pg=2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gluten-free_diet#Popularity_and_nonceliac_health_effects
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_the_history_of_medicine_and_allied_sciences/v065/65.1.abel.html
http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=gluten+free+fad+diet&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C24

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