Annotated Bibliography El

Niarchos, Nicolas. “Borderland: Ukraine’s Dilemma.” The New Yorker, 24 Sep. 2014. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

This article outlines the issues between eastern and western Ukraine concerning Russia and the European Union. The author explains how the two sides of the country can differ in their opinions due to their roots and experiences with the soviets in the past. That being said, the eastern area of Ukraine is more interested in joining Russia while the western side would rather remain independent and join the EU. The author expresses pros and cons for both sides of the argument stating that joining the EU would put a heavy toll on the countries already diminishing economy but possibly open the door to future improvement. Going the Russian route could cause more instability and uprising however, it could just as well lead to an improvement in the current financial situation.

The article was published in 2014 making it quite recent and hasn’t been revised or updated. Current information is the best for this topic seeing how it is a recent and current issue. Links are functional but don’t really seem to focus on the same issues. It relates to my topic however it doesn’t answer my question but merely gives insight. I assume the intended audience are those interested in these types of international issues. Information is indeed of an appropriate level. Yes for this first submission I looked at a “variety” of other articles. I wouldn’t mind citing this in my research paper. The author is Nicolas Niarchos and not much is known of any credentials. The information comes from “The New Yorker” and is supported by evidence. The tone overall is not biased but gets close to it at a couple points. The purpose is to inform you of the dilemma facing this country is faced with. The information in quite factual but can seem objective and biased.

This source was helpful as it wasn’t a monolith of text and information. It was straight to the point. While it didn't sway me in one direction or the other it did help me get a foothold and understanding of what is to come.

Hajda, Lubomyr. “The conflict in Ukraine: A historical perspective.”, Harvard Summer School, Web. 22 Feb. 2015

This article describes the ethnic regions of Ukraine as to why the country is so divided in political view and explains the annexation of Crimea and its effects on Ukraine. This article explains the inception of the protests and what fueled them. It talks about how the issues with Crimea influenced decisions in Ukraine and explained why the country is so politically divided. It even talks about Russia’s motives and reasons as to the annexation of Crimea. I would say this article is about the initial beginnings of the protests and the catalysts that pushed such protests along.

Unfortunately there is no publication date of this article/post however it was most like in or around June of 2014. Has not been revised or updated, topic requires more current information. No viable links on webpage. I would say that this particular article is mainly geared towards students as it is posted on a Harvard Univ. website but can also relate to people looking for information on the subject at hand. The information is at an appropriate level and I would be comfortable citing this. The author is Lubomyr Hajda, an associate director of the Harvard Ukrainian Institute. The article was posted by Lauren McLaughlin. The author is affiliated with a well-respected institute and serves on the institutes executive and editorial board making Mr. Hajda in my opinion very qualified in this subject matter. The URL comes from an Edu site. The information comes from a reliable source with supporting evidence. The information was referred. It is quite unbiased with no grammatical errors. The purpose was to simply inform one of the roots of the current problem and explain the reasons and motives of different opinions. The information is very factual with the point of view appearing strictly informative and simple.

I felt this source was of great use in understanding the topic. I wouldn't say it helps to shape an argument but simply to build one. This article helped to inform its reader of the reasons behind the topic you are investigating and establish what led to the current issue at hand. I’m not sure how I would incorporate this into a research project, but perhaps after more extensive work and reading has been done it will find its place.

EU Newsroom. "EU sanctions against Russia over Ukraine crisis.", European Union Newsroom, July. 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015

This article focused on diplomacy issues with the European Union in the Ukraine conflict and the EU's efforts to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine. This article also explains the number of sanctions the EU has been imposing on Russia due to their aggressive actions. I would say this article is about the diplomatic difficulties and the efforts of such organizations to avoid bloodshed and denounce Russia's annexation of Crimea. Since the EU does not recognize the annexation of Crimea they have imposed a number of restrictions limiting trade, business ventures, and tourism. The EU believes a peaceful solution to the crisis should be found through negotiations between the Governments of Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This article shows the efforts of the European Union to hopefully negotiate peace, and condemn The Russian Federation for its actions.

This information was published in July of 2014 and has not been revised. There are multiple functional links related to the article with the intended audience being anyone interested in the negative affects Russia's actions will have on them. I would feel very comfortable citing this publication seeing how it is a very reliable source. The publisher is the EU newsroom directly from The European Unions official site. There is contact information to an EU spokesperson and a press officer. The information comes directly from the EU with the purpose being to inform the public of the EU sanctions implemented against the Russian Federation. The information is clear of spelling errors , unbiased, and purely factual.

This article was very helpful in outlining the diplomatic persecutions and consequences involved with the Ukraine conflict. I think it will fit nicely into my research project. This article helps show the international response to the conflict and how many other European countries view the situation. The European Unions denunciation of Russia can be a very powerful.

McCarthy, Mark. "The driving force of the Ukrainian crisis." Digital Collections, Dordt College, 18 July. 2014. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.

In this article McCarthy explains the history between Russia and Ukraine, where it was at times peaceful but also very harsh. The author states that he wishes to educate westerners on this complex situation and show them the roots and reasons behind today's actions in that area. While not dwelling on the modern situation in Ukraine this article does a very nice job of covering the important elements involving the Ukrainian and Crimean past. The author gives a compelling argument for both sides stating that Russia has fought and died for these territories but has a very poor record with how they treat ethnic Ukrainians. If you are looking for an article to help establish a foundation for understanding the conflict today, McCarthy does an excellent job in explaining it.

This article was published on July 18, 2014 with no revisions and functional site links. Yes it relates to my topic and helps to inform me of the history and the things that may have led to the Ukrainian conflict that we see today. I believe that the intended audience is for westerners or others who are not familiar with Ukrainian and Russian history. I looked through a wide variety of scholarly sources before deciding on this one. I wouldn't mind citing this. The author is Mark McCarthy, an associate professor of history at Dordt college. Contact information for the author as well as the college are provided. The information comes from a college professor meaning it is very likely to be reliable and true to form. The article is purely factual with no grammatical errors. The purpose is to educate and inform the reader about the history of the two feuding countries in question.

I feel this would make a good background in my research paper as to why the conflict in Ukraine has gotten to the point its at. It was a very helpful source in the form of history but not helpful for the use of information on what is currently happening in the Ukrainian/Russian conflict.

Chesterman, Simon. "Crimean War 2.0: Ukraine and International Law." Straits Times, National University of Singapore, March 2014. Web. 28 Feb. 2015.

This article explained any and all possible motives as well as the repercussions to Russia's actions concerning the Crimean annexation. The author talks about what could have prompted Putin to take these actions and points to some overlooked concerns. The author talks about the hypocrisy of the annexation describing the backlash from The U.S. and its allies when the U.S. itself has also engaged in similar actions, e.g. the invasion of Iraq, however there is some justification to that. I would say this article does a good job at looking at the situation from not just a westerners point of view but from a Russian point of view as well. The author explains that secession is a complicated matter when dealing with international law and there have been multiple instances of it throughout history.

The information was published in March of 2014 with no revisions and multiple functional links. Yes the information applies to what I am researching with the intended audience being College students seeing how it was written by a college professor ad published to a scholarly source. I browsed through various articles until settling on this one and I would be comfortable citing this. The author is Simon Chesterman, a law professor at the National University of Singapore. Being a law professor I would say Chesterman is indeed qualified to write about this topic. An email address is given for contact purposes. The information comes from a scholarly source. No grammar errors, the paper is relatively unbiased but perhaps leaning towards the western ideals slightly. The purpose is to inform with facts.

I feel this would fit nicely as an overview of the Crimea annexation. Explaining how and why it happened and good and the bad regarding the Russian point of view as well as the wests response. With the assistance of the other articles, this can help to shape my argument.

The Nation. "Ukraine in Crisis." The Nation, 24 March. 2014. Web. 1 March. 2015.

Similar to the previous article this publication focuses on the international response to Russia's actions and what could have been handled differently that may have been better. The article also talks about the pro's and con's of joining Russia as well as the EU. The possible outcome's are also discussed as well as Ukraine's unfortunate corruption in the government. The government corruption plays a big part in the current conflict many look at it as one of the catalyst's that started the unrest. This is a simple informative article.

The article was published on March 24th, 2014 with no revisions. There are no functional links on the page. This article was not particularly a den of information, it was more helpful in reinforcing my knowledge rather than increasing it. Based on the article and its publisher the intended audience could be just about anybody interested in foreign affairs. I did not look at a variety of sources before choosing this one. I would be comfortable citing this as it was listed as a scholarly source. The article was published by The Nation magazine, whether or not the author themselves is qualified to write on this topic is debatable. There is contact information with a phone number, mailing address, and an email. The information has been reviewed and seems to be relatively unbiased, expressing concerns about both sides of the argument. I feel the purpose of this article was to inform and maybe even slightly sway the reader a little towards the western opinions.

I didn't find this article to be supremely helpful how it did still "help". I dont think I could find a way to add this article itself into my research project but perhaps I could use it to help reinforce any of the other articles information.

Donnelly, Shawn. "The New Cold War: Helping Ukraine." University of Twente, 9 April. 2014. Web. 2 March. 2015.

This article is primarily one sided, favoring the EU viewpoint, however Donnelly does talk about various aspects that do peak my interest. He explains how Russia's continued aggression is a threat to international peace and relations. He covers Ukrainian reforms, benefits towards Russian speakers, as well as other possible benefits should Ukraine join the EU. He talks about the negative effects that could arise, should Russia gain autonomy over Ukraine and the possible counter-measures. I would say that the main focus of the article is to describe Russian expansion through Ukraine and China and attempt to make the reader see Russia as a serious threat.

The information was published on April 9th, 2014 with no revisions and functional links. The information is related to my topic but doesn't seem to answer any questions I had. I looked through various sources before choosing this article however I would not be comfortable citing this source even though it is a scholarly source. The author is Shawn Donnelly, an assistant professor in the department of public administration at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. An email is provided for contact purposes. The information provided is indeed supported by evidence however i feel that it is heavily biased, favoring the EU/US viewpoint. The author should have focused less on the negative Russian actions and taken a broader step by looking at the problem from all directions. I felt the purpose was the inform but primarily to persuade. I would also have to say that this article is a little bit of fact mixed with some propaganda and opinion.

This particular one fits in with a more militaristic viewpoint, focusing less on diplomatic actions. Like to previous source, this one can help to reinforce previous arguments but not to create one. It far too biased in my opinion.

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