Annotated Bibliography Jordan Starr

Stetchell, Kenneth DR. “Exposure of Infants to Phyto-Oestrogens From Soy-Based Infant Formula.” ScienceDirect. The Lancet. July 1997. Web. 7 February 2014

In this article you learn about the concerns of estrogen in soy infant formula. The main concern of people and doctors is that it would have some kind of hormonal effects on babies that were exposed to the soy-based formula. The article was more about an experiment doctors did on formula. The experiment they did, was they took three four month old, white, baby boy, one who drank soy-based formula, one who drank cow milk based formula, and the last one was breast fed. They did find out that the baby that was drinking the soy-based formula was exposed to a much higher level of isoflavones and it would affect their hormonal regulations.

This article is not very current, but it was pretty useful in figuring out about estrogen in soy-based formulas. I think it is very helpful, but because it is pretty old, I do not know for sure if the way soy-based formulas are made has changed at all. I could not find any other articles, however that said that it has changed over the years. I do think this article would be relevant to my topic on soy and children.

I do believe that this information was helpful to me. I had to read it a couple times to fully understand what happened in the experiment. Once I understood that they found a significant higher level of estrogen in soy-based formulas however, I knew that I would be able to use that information.

Gardner, Christopher D. “Effect of Two Types of Soy Milk and Dairy Milk on Plasma Lipids in Hypercholesterolemic Adults: A Randomized Trial.” Taylor Francis Online. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. June 2013. Web. 7 February 2014

This article was more about how soy affects adults. This article was another experiment, this one compared the effects of two commercially available soy milks with low-fat dairy milk on plasma lipid, insulin, and glucose responses. They did not find any significant difference in the milks for HDL-cholestrol, insulin, or glucose. They found out that soy milks were not any healthier or unhealthier then any other milk. Neither soy milk affect other lipid variable, insulin, or glucose either.

This article is more current then the last article but still pretty old. I would still say it is okay to use in my paper because it is still relevant to my topic of soy and it’s effects on people. If soy milks did not differ from cow milk with cholesterol, insulin, and glucose in 2007, I would assume they would not change how it is made so any of that changed now.

I think this information is helpful to my paper because even though it is older, the information is still useful. I now know that soy milk is the same as cow milk with cholesterol, insulin, and glucose. Neither one is better then the other when it comes to that. Even thought the information is old, because they found out that nothing is different between the soy and cow milk, the way that it is made now would still be the same, so the article still relates to how soy and cow milk is made now.

“Choosing a Formula.” American Academy of Pediatrics. Healthy Children. May 2013. Web. 9 February 2014.

This article, as it says in the title, is about choosing formula for your baby. It talks about what all different kinds of formula you can get for your baby and what ones are the best. It mostly says that it is your opinion on what kind of formula you would like to use, it just voices facts on all formulas. The article does say multiple times that breast feeding is always the best option and gives your baby the most nutrients. They do say that regular cow based formulas are usually the second best option. The cow based formulas usually add extra iron in order to prevent iron deficiency. They say that soy-based formulas are good to use if your baby cant digest lactose or if their is a true cow-based milk allergy.

This is article is very current, less then a year old. This article is different then the other articles because the other ones were experiments and this one is just giving facts about the differences in formulas are.

I found this article helpful because I liked all the information and facts that it gave about different formulas. I wouldn’t really say their is a bias because they said what was good about all the formulas, but at the same time there was a bias. They said multiple times that breast feeding is best and then cow-based formula. It did not say that using the other different kinds would harm your baby though, so any are really okay.

Barrett, Julia R. “The Science of Soy: What Do We Really Know?” National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health Perspectives. June 2006. Web. 9 February 2014.

This article is more like the last article where they state all the facts about soy. They talk about the health effects and the health benefits. They too talk about soy and infants. The article mentions that soy products do contain the isoflavones known as phytoestorgen that has an estrogen like structure, like the first article. It says however that the effects of that aren't very high. In this article it says that soy-based formula is actually really good for infants. They add nutrients and minerals to the formula, kind of like who they add iron and other nutrients to cow-based formulas. Soy milk however, they do not add anything nutrient so it is not as healthy for a child or anyone is general then cow milk.

This article is older as are the first two article are. I think that this article is relevant though still. It says the same thing that all the other article have said about soy-based formula and other facts are the same as well. This article is different with the fact that it talks a lot more on things that have not been mentioned before and I think thats good for my research. This article is not very bias, it has both good and bad facts about soy in it.

This article was helpful because like stated before, even though it talks a lot about stuff I have already read about, it also mentions other facts and information about soy that is very useful.

Bhatia, Jatinder. “Use of Soy Protein-Based Formulas in Infant Feeding.” Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics. May 2008. Web. 11 February 2014.

This article, like the title mentions, yet again is about soy-based formulas and the effects in has on infants. This article talks a lot more in detail about when and if you should use soy-based formulas or not. It says that, of course, if your baby is allergic to cow-based formula then it would be appropriate to use soy-based. It however mentions that you should not use soy-based formula on preterm babies. Serum phosphorus concentrations are lower and alkaline phosphatase concentrations are higher in preterm infants fed soy-based formulas.

This article is a little old but I found it very resourceful for my research. This article is more about the bad effects of soy-based formulas. This article is very factual and I found it very easy to follow. I like that this one tells me a lot about soy-based formulas without having to tell me about an experiment.

This article is very helpful to my research on soy-based formulas because it gives lots of situations on when you should use soy-based formula and when it is appropriate and when it is not. The article makes it clear on what is good and what is bad about soy-based formulas.

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