Annotated Bibliography Katie

Bauman, Paul. The Four-Day School Week. Issuegram 14. Distribution Center, Education Commission of the States, 1860 Lincoln Street, Suite 300, Denver, CO 80295, 1983. ProQuest. 19 Feb. 2015 .

In this article the Education Commission of the States, Denver, Colorado talks about how the four-day week is a popular way to improve the quality of education and save on energy costs in rural districts. In the beginning of the article, the author talks about how in 1973-74 after the oil embargo, schools started to use the four-day week schedule to save in expenses. He goes about telling the reader that in 1982 they not only had energy savings, but also had some instructional advantages. Later in the article, the author makes a point to explain to the reader how exactly the four-day week is structured. He goes on explaining that with the four-day week, schools have a greater length of school hours, or in some cases extend the school year. After the author explains the structure of the four-day week, he informs the reader exactly where the four-day week is being used. A few of the places he names were, California, Colorado, Minnesota, and many more. At the end of the article the author gives us an example about how a small town in Oregon successfully switched to a four-day week after being faced with the loss of athletic and music programs.

This article is not current, but I believe that it is still relevant in showing how the four-day week can be successful and to explain how the structure of the four-day week would be. The author of this article is Paul Bauman, who wrote it for the Education Commission of the States, Denver, Colorado. The purpose of this article was to inform the reader of what the four-day week would be like, and to also share a few success stories regarding the four-day week.

This article was very enjoyable. The author did a great job at explaining how exactly the structure of the four-day week would look like. I really liked how he even put some success stories in there to show that there can really be successful benefits with the four-day week. Overall the author did a great job at getting his information out there for the reader.

Donis-Keller, Christine, and David L. Silvernail. "Four-Day School Week." (2009).

In this article the author talks about the different ways of implementing a four-day school week. His examples were, a four-day week in the winter months only, four-day week every other week, and a four-day week during the entire school year. He goes on explaining that with the four-day school week, most schools take of either Mondays or Fridays. Later in the article the author talks about the impacts of a four-day school week. These impacts include but are not limited to, financial, student achievement, other student and teacher outcomes, stakeholder satisfaction, and more. In the author's conclusion, he explains that a four-day school week is more preferred for many small rural districts. He also ends by saying that it is important for any school district to consider changing to a four-day school week to weigh the costs and other benefits.

This article was written by Christine Donis-Keller and David L. Silvernail. The article is fairly current; it was written in 2009. The information comes from the Center for Education Policy, Applied Research and Evaluation University of Southern Maine. The purpose of this article is to inform the reader of the evidence on the four-day school week.

I really enjoyed this article. It was very interesting reading what the author had to say about the four-day week. I liked how he pointed out that there are many different ways of scheduling a four-day week. Also I like how he showed some evidence of the four-day week. Overall this article was very helpful with the research for my article.

Grau, Elnabeth, and Michael F. Shaughnessy. The Four Day School Week: An Investigation and Analysis., 1987. ProQuest. 19 Feb. 2015 .

In this article the author first starts off by explaining to the reader that there are approximately 100 schools in 10 states that attend classes four days a week. This is due to the lack of state aid, a declining enrollment, and cost of operating a school rising. The author goes about saying that it has been proven that districts using the four day schedule have saved energy and transportation costs. By only have four days of school, it also give teachers and students the opportunity to schedule any necessary appointments on that "fifth day" instead of on a school day. Throughout the article, the author goes on talking about how the four-day week is beneficial for extra-curricular activities and academic achievement. Towards the end of the article the author adds a summary report on the four-day week in New Mexico. The primary concern for the four-day week in New Mexico has been that students should not suffer academically. Evidence indicates that the student achievement was not effected by the four-day school week. In fact, some of these districts were gains in student achievement test scores with the four-day week.

The author of this article was written by Elnabeth Grau and Michael F. Shaughnessy. It was written in 1987, so it is not current, but I still believe that it is great information for my topic. The informations comes from a reliable source who uses examples of success stories that other schools have had. The purpose of this article is to show success stories with the four-day week and how it helped other schools.

This article was very helpful with understanding all the implications of the four-day week. I really liked how the author used real life examples of success stories, along with other schools experience with the four-day week. Overall I believe that this article is really going to help me continue my research about the four-day week.

Griffith, Michael. What Savings are Produced by Moving to a Four-Day School Week?. Education Commission of the States. ECS Distribution Center, 700 Broadway Suite 1200, Denver, CO 80203-3460, 2011. ProQuest. 19 Feb. 2015 .

In this article that author's main focus is the savings that are produced by switching to a four-day school week. To start off his article, the author talks about how much can districts can save. Continuing with his main focus of savings, he goes on to talk about the maximum cost savings and what cost could be reduced by moving to a four-day week. These are things such as: instructional costs, operations and maintenance, school administration, and many more. This particular author also looks at the other side of how costs are not affected by moving to a four-day week. These are things such as: instructional staff, general administrative costs, and enterprise operations. The author ends his article by asking the question of without large savings, why make the switch.

The author of this article is Michael Griffith from Education Commission of the States. This article was published in May 2011. The information is important to my research because it makes the reader ask think about the financial side of the four-day week, and leads them to believe that it isn't as cost efficient as most would like. The purpose of this article was to show the costs in comparison to a four-day week vs. a five-day week.

This article was very interesting to read. The author made some great points about how maybe not all the time the finical side of a four-day week may out weigh everything else. I however believe that it is about more than just the financial part of it. Overall, this was an enjoyable read.

Hewitt, Paul M., and George S. Denny. "The Four-Day School Week: Impact on Student Academic Performance." Rural Educator 32.2 (2011): 23-31. ProQuest. 19 Feb. 2015 .

This article focuses on rural schools. At the beginning of the article the author talks about how in 2009 it was reported that 19% of students in public school attend school in a rural school district. It has been said that rural schools are ineffective. Although rural schools have also been known to be more innovative and creative than suburban and urban counterparts. One of these innovative factors that rural schools posses is the four-day school week. Throughout the article the author has bold headings that categorize important information about the four-day week. Some of these headings are about the financial factors, how it will improve attendance, discipline, and participation, the author also talks about the popularity of the four-day week, and many more important key factors. In 2003 it was reported that only 25% of Americans supported the idea of a four-day week as a way of saving money, while 74% opposed the idea. At the end of the article the author examined the impact on the student performance of a four-day school week compared to a five-day week.

This article was published in 2011 by Paul M. Hewitt and George S. Denny. The information of the article came from Rural Educator. This information relates to my topic because it compares the five-day week to the four-day week. This article is peer reviewed, so it is a good resource. The purpose of this article is to explain to people the key factors of the four-day week, and to discuss the impact on the students that the four-day week might have.

I really enjoyed reading this article. I like how the author talked about both sides of the idea of a four-day week. This article helped me understand that there is a positive and a negative side to the four-day week. I think that this article will help me continue my research about the four-day school week.

Koki, Stan. Modified School Schedules: A Look at the Research and the Pacific., 1992. ProQuest. 19 Feb. 2015

In this article Pacific Region Educational Lab., Honolulu, HI, talks about the many different modified school schedules. In the beginning the author talks about each individual school schedule. Some of these are year-round schooling, single-track school, and the four-day week schooling. He goes about saying that the highest satisfaction is with the four-day school weeks. Later on he explains that the feared declines in academic performance hasn't occurred. Towards the end of the article the author explains that the four-day week school schedule has been known to work best for small/rural school districts rather than larger school districts.

This article is not current, but has a great impact on getting information across about the four-day school schedule. The author is Stan Koki who wrote for the Pacific Region Educational Lab. The purpose of this article was to inform the reader of the many different modified school schedules, and their benefits as well as the downsides to each.

This article was really good. I really liked how the author talked about all the different kinds of modified school schedules that have been tried. A lot of them I had never even heard of, so that was very interesting to learn about the many different ideas out there. Overall this was a great read, and really helped me with my argument for the four-day week school schedule.

Muir, Mike. The Four Day School Week. Research Brief. Education Partnerships, 2013. ProQuest. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.

This article is based on a research brief for the four-day school week. It was conducted by Education Partnerships, Inc. In there research article they asked a few questions. Can four-day school weeks help districts save money? How do districts overcome the barriers of movie to a four-day week? What is the effect of a four-day week on students, staff and the community? Along with those three questions they go about answering them with a list of benefits for students and teachers regarding the four-day week. They also list the benefits for the school in general. Some of the points that they made were that the student drop-out rates decline with the four-day week. Another thing that they mention is that it has significant savings on utility bills, substitute teacher pay, school buses, and building wear and tear. In the research article, they also show a few concerns that parents, the community, etc. might have. One of these concerns is child care. At the end of the article they have recommendations for implementation. They briefly discuss some options and recommendations regarding the four-day week.

This article is current and has functioning links with information that pertains to my topic about the four-day week. The intended audience for this article is anyone who is possibly considering the four-day week schedule. The article information came from Education Partnerships, Inc, and was written by Mike Muir. The purpose of this article is to inform people about the benefits of the four-day week.

This article really interest me. I personally went to a school that had a four-day week schedule, and I loved it. Recently my school went back to a five day week, so I decided to do some research on if that was a good decision or not. In the article they do a great job at listing a bunch of benefits for not only the students and teachers, but also the school itself. I also really like how the author addresses some concerns that the parents or the school may have with regards to the four-day week. Overall I really enjoyed this article.

Annotated Bibliography Peer Review Katie

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