Annotated Bibliography Mitch Vollhaber

"Energy drinks alter heart function, study shows." Medical News Today. MediLexicon International Limited, 2 Dec. 2013. Web. 7 Feb. 2014.

This is an article which summarizes an ongoing study of the specific ways in which energy drinks effect the human heart. The researchers took MRI's of participant's hearts before and after drinking a typical energy drink. They found that after healthy participants consumed an energy drink, they had increased strain on the heart, specifically in the left ventricle. The article goes on to explain the need for more research to determine the long term health risks of energy drinks.

As far as research studies go, this is the most current study I have found. Even though the research is still ongoing, the authors have been able to present their findings so far at the Radiological Society of North America annual meeting. This makes it a useful source as long as it is found to be credible. The information in the article is relevant to my research topic since it goes into more detailed effects on the heart. The article was found on Medical News Today which seems to be a reliable source of medical related topics in the news. The information from the ongoing research study is going to be hard to verify since a paper has not been published yet. The purpose of this article was to inform the public of the recent findings of a current research study looking at energy drink consumption and it's effect on the heart.

Based on my evaluation of this source, I think it will be a good addition to my research. I will be able to use the researchers' names found in the article to find out if they have published a peer-reviewed paper on their research findings since this article was published.

"Energy Drink Side Effects." Caffeine Informer. Exis. 13 Jan. 2014. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.

This article evaluates the common side effects from drinking too many energy drinks. They included a list of the most common side effects from energy drink consumption which was based on a recent study done in Australia. The article goes on to explain the potential problems from specific ingredients that are found in most energy drinks. This includes everything from Caffeine and artificial sweeteners to things like Inositol and L-Carnitine.

This is going to be a useful source for my research on energy drinks. It is a very current article since it came out in January of this year. The information found in this article is very relevant to my research topic. The intended audience is anyone who is concerned about their caffeine intake. Caffeine Informer is a website that is devoted to making accurate information about caffeine available to everyone. It is designed by a health writer and a former health educator which gives the site good authority. The information used is accurate since it comes from a scientific study performed in Australia along with supporting information from The Mayo Clinic and The National Institutes of Health. The purpose of this article is to make the information surrounding the side effects of energy drinks easily available to the public. This is an unbiased article meant only to inform which will make for a good source.

This article will be a good addition to the sources I have already collected. It has a lot of relevant information in one place. I will also be able to use this source as a stepping stone to find the article on the research study performed in Australia.

Gunja, Naren, and J. A. Brown. "Energy drinks: health risks and toxicity." The Medical Journal of Australia 196.1 (2012): 46-49. Web. 5 Feb. 2014

This source is out of The Medical Journal of Australia. It is a study which looked at seven years of calls made to the Australian poison control center regarding energy drink exposure. They looked at 297 calls that were related to energy drinks. The authors concluded that these calls have been steadily increasing throughout the years and it is crucial to educate communities about the health hazards of energy drinks.

This is the original study that Caffeine Informer based a lot of their information on in the article titled "Energy Drink Side Effects." This will still be a useful source even though it is from Australia. The call data used in the analysis were from 2004 to 2010. That may make it sound out dated but it actually was on a long enough time scale that the authors were able to notice trends throughout the years. The information is still relevant since Australia clearly has a problem with their population consuming a lot of energy drinks, not unlike the United States. The Medical Journal of Australia has been around for 100 years now and they are a credible source in the medical field. Gunja is a Medical Director and Toxicologist while Brown is a Senior Poisons Specialist so both authors are qualified to write about this topic. They have all of the research they performed to back up the claims that they have made, along with sources at the end of the article which can be used to verify information. The purpose of this article was to use the poison control center's database to get a better understanding of the toxicity of energy drinks in Australia.

This source is going to be an important part of my research. The study from Australia gives me an idea of what is going on with energy drink consumption in places outside the United States. It may also allow me to compare the amount of energy drink consumption and its effects between the two countries.

Pomeranz, Jennifer L., C. R. Munsell, and J. L. Harris. "Energy drinks: An emerging public health hazard for youth" Journal of Public Health Policy (March 2013): 1-18. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

This is an article out of the Journal of Public Health Policy dealing with the inconsistencies in the labeling and marketing of energy drinks. They look at the way energy drinks are regulated here in the United States while addressing some of the changes that need to be made. The authors end the article by distinguishing the topics that require further research in the future.

This is a current source since it was published in March of last year. New information about the risks of energy drinks may have came out in the last ten months but this article should still be applicable. This article is relevant to the health risks of energy drinks since it looks at the regulation and policy side of the issue. This article comes from the Journal of Public Health Policy which is a scholarly journal, giving the source strong authority. The authors of the article are qualified to be writing about this topic since they are from Yale University. At the end of the article, the authors cite fifty-two different sources where their information came from. Any of these citations can be used to verify the accuracy of information within the article. The journal is peer-reviewed so other experts in the field have also verified the information as being accurate. The purpose of this article was to inform readers of the current regulations surrounding energy drinks, along with recommendations for the changes that need to be made to the regulations in place.

I have found a lot of articles pertaining specifically to the health effects of energy drinks, but this is the first source that is more focused on the policy and regulation side of the issue. This article will better round out my research on the subject of energy drinks and will be important when I begin to write about the issue.

Radcliffe, Shawn. "New Study: Do Energy Drinks Affect Your Heart Health?" Men's Fitness. Men's Fitness. n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014.

This article is a health report summarizing a review that was presented at a 2013 American Heart Association meeting. The review covered seven similar studies involving energy drink consumption and the effects on the heart. Researchers found a change in heart rhythm along with increased blood pressure. The article ends with a list of early signs that could indicate a bad reaction to consuming too many energy drinks.

This seems like a useful source. It is fairly current since the review was presented at a meeting in 2013. The links within the text are also functional. The information in the article is very relevant to my topic. It includes health effects related to the heart due to energy drink consumption. Since the summary of the review was written for Men's Fitness, the intended audience is health conscious males. This means that even though the original studies were scientific, this article does not come off as too technical for the average reader. This source seems to be credible. The author does free-lance writing for Men's Fitness on topics related to health, science, and medicine. The information comes from a review done for the American Heart Association so the content came from a respectable source. The purpose of this article is to give readers the knowledge to determine if they may be putting their heart health at risk when consuming energy drinks.

This article has helped strengthen my argument that energy drinks can have negative health effects. It is a relatively short article so it will not be the foundation of my argument but it should work as solid supporting evidence. This seems to be a legitimate source with credible information which leads me to the decision to include it in my research project.

Seifert, Sara M., J. L. Schaechter,E. R. Hershorin, and S. E. Lipshultz. "Health Effects of Energy Drinks on Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults." Pediatrics 127.3 (2011): 511-528. Web. 4 Feb. 2014

This is a review of research relevant to the effects energy drinks have on children, adolescents, and young adults. The authors used search engines with specific search terms to find as much information on the subject as possible. They determined that energy drinks do not have any health benefits and there are health concerns since some of the ingredients are poorly regulated and understudied. They also give recommendations to pediatricians and inform them to be aware of the effects that energy drinks may be having on their patients.

This is a useful source with very reliable information. The only thing holding this source back from being a great source is that it was published in 2011. This makes the article slightly outdated. Even though it is a little outdated, the information is still useful since it was such an in depth review of the current literature at the time. The intended audience for this article was pediatricians who need to be up to date on the latest health concerns. This article was published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and funded by the National Institute of Health. This makes it a very credible source. Each author either has a Master of Science or Bachelor of Science degree which makes them qualified to write about the topic. The information can be verified by using the same search terms or by searching for the literature that is cited at the end of the article. This article was about getting the facts out to other pediatricians and to make recommendations about energy drink consumption in young people.

This source is going to be an important part of my research. It has a large amount of relevant information that I will be able to use to strengthen my argument. This article could end up being the foundation of my research project.

Tanner, Lindsey. "Caffeine common in kids; energy drinks an increasingly frequent source." cjonline. The Associated Press, 10 Feb. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

This source is a news article that came out today about the prevalence of caffeine in the diets of children and young adults. Based on the research by the food and drug administration, caffeine is found in the majority of children's diets and energy drinks are becoming more of a prevalent source. The article explains how the research was used to look at trends in caffeine intake among our nation's children.

Since this article came out today, it is the most current source I have found so far. The relevance of this information is a little less than my other sources. The article is mainly about general caffeine intake and has less specific information pertaining to energy drinks. The author of this article is a medical news reporter for the Associated Press, which makes her qualified to write about the subject. The information seems accurate since it is coming from the Food and Drug Administration but the article lacks links or citations to the specific sources. The purpose of this article was to inform readers about the recent caffeine analysis performed by the Food and Drug Administration.

This source seems credible enough to use in my research project. Since it only has some relevant information related to energy drinks, this source may act as supporting evidence to the sources that will act as my main research. I will be more comfortable using this article if I am able to find the original information from the Food and Drug Administration.

Writer's Memo

I found this research to be particularly interesting:
I found the study that used call data from a poison control center to be particularly interesting.
This part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult:
I thought that the most difficult part of the project was trying to make my summaries as concise as possible.
Next time I would do this differently:
Next time I would try to change more things based on the peer reviews.

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