Annotated Bibliography Paris

Griffin, Drew, and Nelli Black. "Deadly High: How Synthetic Drugs Are Killing Kids - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 2 Dec. 2014. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.

This source starts by talking about two different teenage boys, Christian Berkj and Elijah Stai, and their encounters with synthetic drugs. The authors explain that the two boys both took a drug that was described as a white powder and it caused them to hallucinate and then they both passed away the same night they took the drugs. It took the state about a week to even figure out what the drugs even were. Once the story was released to the public, a man named Charles Carlton noticed something familiar about the pictures of packaging that was at the scene of one of the deceased boys. He confessed to the investigators that the drugs the boys took were connected in that they both came from Carlton's online synthetic drug company. Carlton would import drugs from China and distribute them online in small doses. Carlton was shocked to find out that his drugs had killed these two boys. However, investigators found a journal of the side affects of Carlton's drugs that he took himself and it was a sort of "how to" guide for his drugs. All of those involved with this case were sentenced to a total of 121 years the parents of the two boys took it upon themselves to become activists to spread awareness of what teenagers are doing online and at parties.

The information in this article was published on December 2, 2014. There are links to articles that expand on the top of this source and they are all functioning and helpful. The information relates to my topic and helps a lot with my question. It is also written at an appropriate level that all age groups can understand. There are two authors for this source, Drew Griffin and Nelli Black. The publisher and sponsor of this article is CNN. The information comes from quotes from the investigators of the two cases and also the parents of the two deceased teenagers. The DEA is also cited in this source. The purpose of this source is to raise awareness to other parents and teenagers so that parents can have an idea of what their children could be doing and the consequences. This source seems to have no biases because it is all facts about actual deaths caused by synthetic drugs.

I found this source very helpful because it actually puts faces to victims of synthetic drugs. Added into the stories of Christian and Elijah are a few facts about synthetic drugs that I didn't know about, such as the fact that there are around 300 different synthetic drugs that are flooding into the US and are extremely hard to identify. This source continues to shape my argument in the direction of synthetic drugs being very dangerous. I can use this source in my project to persuade my audience to agree with my claim that synthetic drugs are dangerous because these two teenagers died from it.

Marder, Jenny. "The Drug That Never Lets Go." PBS. PBS, 20 Sept. 2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

This article starts off with Marder explaining that a loving and sweet 21 year old man, Dickie Sanders, committed suicide. He had taken a drug that looked like powder. One day he supposedly saw 25 cop cars outside his house and slit his throat because of it. He was taken to the ER and survived and promised his parents that he wouldn't try anything like that again. A couple days later, Dickie was still experiencing hallucinations, so his father rocked him to sleep. Dickie woke up and shot himself without anyone knowing. I later learned while reading this article that Dickie took the drug MDPV which causes the same effects of taking amphetamine and cocaine at the same time. Those two drugs do the opposite things. One opens up the receptors to dopamine so that a lot of dopamine can be flooded into the brain. The other one closes the receptors so that the dopamine piles up. Imagine both other those things happening at once. The whole brain is flooded by the drug. MDPV refuses to release the brains receptors and this causes hallucinogens to continue up to two weeks after someone has taken the drug. Many scientists have become aware of the horrible consequences of people taking MDPV so they have taken it upon themselves to figure out the chemical make up of it. Scientists came to the conclusion that there are 5 main drugs in bath salts but the horrifying thing is that these drugs can sneak around the law because their chemical makeup can be changed so easily that they become no longer illegal. Also, their packaging has evolved from very amateur to very sophisticated in that the packaging looks very professional and can even be specific to the store it is being sold out of.

This article was written on September 20, 2012 and the author is Jenny Marder. The publisher and sponsor is PBS. The information in this source helps answer my question. This article includes some long names of chemicals but overall it is easy to read for someone at an educated level. I would be comfortable citing this source in my paper. This source is valid because it has an author, sponsor, publisher, date, and it's URL ends in .org. The information in this article is cited and the author uses many sources. She cites the name of people she is referencing and then adds a link to their names. The links are functional. The purpose of this article is to inform about the dangers of synthetic drugs and just how lethal they can be.

This was my favorite article so far. I learned a great amount of information about bath salts in this article and because of that it was hard to summarize. I will definitely use this source for my project. I steered me in a good direction. There are a lot of facts in this article that I can use to persuade my audience to agree with my claim that bath salts are bad. After reading this article, I am terrified of synthetics drugs, especially bath salts. Even some of the people commenting on the article said that bath salts (MDPV) was worse than meth. I will probably refer back to this article whenever a friend of mine mentions bath salts or any synthetic drugs to get the point across of how horrible these drugs are.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. "DrugFacts: Spice ("Synthetic Marijuana")." DrugFacts: Spice ("Synthetic Marijuana"). NIH, Dec. 2012. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

This source is filled with great information that I didn't know about synthetic marijuana. The author of this article explains that synthetic marijuana (Spice) is actually not intended at all for human consumption. Spice can be bought at convenience stores and often times has false labeling saying that it is natural. For a while, Spice was easy to purchase in convenience stores but now the DEA has banned it but the distributors of Spice found a way around that by changing up the packaging and including different drugs so they are more difficult to identify. Spice is second to natural marijuana in high schoolers, probably because of the false idea that it is natural. Those who consume Spice experience the same symptoms of marijuana but many times it is stronger and there have been some instances of Spice causing rapid heart rate, vomiting, confusion and hallucinations. Spice acts on receptors in the brain more strongly than natural marijuana which can cause unpredictable effects.

This article was published in December of 2012. The links in this article are functional and helpful. This source relates perfectly to my research topic because it talks clearly about the most common synthetic drug: synthetic marijuana, also called Spice. The intended audience could possibly be parents but it seems to be aimed at the teens who use Spice. It mentions that they do not realize that Spice is very harmful and that they should realize the consequences of Spice before it ruins their lives. I would be comfortable citing this source in my paper. There is no author for this source but he publisher and sponsor is the National Institute on Drug Abuse. This source is reliable because it offers the reader to contact the publisher and sponsor via Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, etc. The end of the URL address ends in .gov which shows me that it is a government website and therefore it is reliable. The information in this article comes from research done directly by the National Institute on Drug Abuse because they do no site any sources other than a chart from 2012. This article is information fact and free from bias or emotion, it is simply explaining what synthetic marijuana is and its consequences.

I really like this article because it helped me learn a lot of interesting facts about synthetic marijuana that I didn't know before. Once again, this source pushes my opinion towards the idea that synthetic drugs are mostly bad and have the potential to cause long term damage to our bodies and brains. I can definitely use this source in my research project because it has many facts that I'm sure a lot of people will not know.

"Stop Selling Synthetic Drugs At Gas Stations, AG Cooper Urges Oil Companies - The Island Gazette Newspaper." The Island Gazette Newspaper. State News, 18 Feb. 2015. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.

This source is about state attorneys coming together to push for synthetic drugs being banned in gas stations. The attorney generals sent a letter to nine major oil companies urging them to stop selling synthetic drugs and to be aware of the harm that synthetic drugs can do if they do not ban them. There are some facts in this article that I didn't know such as there were more than 11,000 people who called into the emergency room in 2010 for synthetic drugs use and most of them were under the age of 17.

The information in this source was published on February 18th, 2015 so it is really new. The author is only described as the "Managing Editor" which is also a functioning link. The information relates to my topic and the intended audience is the public so they can inform them on what the government is doing to prevent synthetic drugs from being sold. I would be comfortable citing this source in my paper. The publisher of this article is State News and the sponsor is The Island Gazette Newspaper. This source is valid because it has all of these things and the URL ends in .net. The information in this source seems unbiased and its intention is to inform.

I liked this article because it is the first one that I've come across where people in power are taking action to prevent the selling of synthetic drugs at gas stations. This source was helpful to me because it explained that the problem is something that we can fix if we take action. This source helps shape my argument because it shows that synthetic drugs are so bad that we need to get them out of reach of teenagers and stop making them so easily accessible.

"Synthetic Drugs (a.k.a. K2, Spice, Bath Salts, Etc.)." The White House. The White House, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.

This article is called "Synthetic Drugs (a.k.a. K2, Spice, Bath Salts, Etc.)". It has five sections: Overview and History, Rapidly Emerging Threat, Risk to Public Health, Sourcing and Continuing Availability, and Government Efforts to Ban Synthetic Drug Products. These sections explain what synthetic drugs are and how they are starting to become more common. This article is against synthetic drugs because they are dangerous and very harmful to the body. It also has a chart showing the use of synthetic drugs by High School Seniors in 2012. At the end of this article, the section "Government Efforts to Ban Synthetic Drug Products" explains different laws that ban synthetic drugs. The government is working to make synthetic drugs illegal.

This source is useful because it gives a general idea to the reader of what synthetic drugs are. It also shows the viewpoint that synthetic drugs are bad because the government is putting in a lot of effort to make them illegal and not accessible to the public. Even though this source does not have an author, I believe it is reliable because it is a government website (the URL ends in .gov). Not only is it a government website but it is the White House website. It mentions many specific laws and acts that the government is putting in place which helps with credibility. Another way to see that this website is credible is that there is a "Contact Us" at the top right of the page. This source seems to be more objective because the government mostly wants what's best for the public and I believe that they are against synthetic drugs because it is what's best for the youth and general population of our country. The goal of this source is to inform the public about the harms of synthetic drugs and so we are all aware of what the government is doing to prevent the usage of synthetic drugs. At the end of this article there is a list of link that are used as sources. All of the links are functional. The intended audience is probably parents to inform them about new drugs that are a risk to the youth. It could warn parents and help them realize that they need to keep an eye on what their kids are doing.

This source is useful because it gives specific details on how the government views synthetic drugs. I can use the different laws that are being put into place by the government as a point to back up by claims that will be in my paper. This source was helpful because I learned that synthetic drugs are mostly a negative thing in the government's point of view. I can use this source in my paper because it is a strong source because of who published it. It would be hard to refute what the president wants. This source changed my view on synthetic drugs because I didn't know they were as huge as problem that the government feels the need to take action. Even though this source has no date or author, it is still very credible because it is a government website and it mentions dates in the 2000's.

"Synthetic Drugs." Synthetic Drugs. Syracuse University, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

This source explains the side effects of synthetic marijuana and its increase in 2011. There are charts to show the spike in emergency calls involving synthetic marijuana and the calls are steadily growing. This shows that synthetic marijuana is a growing problem. It is growing probably because of the packaging that causes these drugs to sneak around the DEA so easily. They are labeled as bath salts and they look like natural marijuana when really it is just herbs sprayed with chemicals. Experts explain that the high is supposed to resemble marijuana but instead it is closer to the effects of cocaine or LSD.

This source is from Syracuse University, and it resembles my University of Colorado Denver source in that it doesn't have an author. They are both still credible sources despite not having authors. This source also doesn't have a date when it was published but the context infers that it was written around 2011. There are no links in the article but the University's website allows me to contact them and search around their website to learn more about them. This source relates to my topic because it talks about the troubles of identifying synthetic drugs and that this problem has begun to grow. The publisher and sponsor is Syracuse University. This source is credible because I have access to contact information and the URL ends in .edu. The information in this source is supported by evidence from the American Association of Poison Control Centers. The purpose of this source is to inform the public about the growing problem of synthetic marijuana.

This source fits in with my research. I learned about the rise in emergency calls caused by synthetic marijuana. It was helpful because I now know that synthetic marijuana is a dangerous drug because it resembles the effects of cocaine and LSD. I can use this source in my project to show my audience that synthetic marijuana is a sneaky drug that is fooling many young people into thinking it is safe when really it isn't even marijuana at all. Again, I have found another source that will support my claim of synthetic marijuana being harmful and dangerous.

University of Colorado Denver. "More Illness from Synthetic Marijuana Likely." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 Jan. 2014. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.

This source explains that synthetic marijuana isn't really marijuana at all. It is actually dried herbs and spices that are sprayed with chemicals that causes the same feelings as THC, which is the main active ingredient in marijuana. In 2013 in Denver, Colorado, there were 263 people admitted to the emergency room in only one month all experiencing the same symptoms. These drugs can be bought at convenience stores and are 1,000 times more stronger than natural marijuana. The author says that there has been a significant increase in synthetic marijuana use in the past 5 years. He also quotes a professor from the CU School of Medicine that we need to find better testing to identify theses substances and make sure that physicians the right questions about their drug use.

This article was published on January 22, 2014. There are links to the sources that the author used and they are functional. This relates to my research topic and helps answer the question of whether or not synthetic drugs are bad. And so far I have learned that they are extremely bad. This source is at the perfect level of understanding for what I'm writing about, and I looked at many other sources before deciding to use this one. There is no author for this article but the publisher and sponsor is Science Daily and the source is the University of Colorado Denver. I can tell that the source is reliable because there is a functional link the the University of Colorado Denver's website. The information used in this article is supported by a source of Andrew Monte, an assistant professor in emergency medicine and medical toxicology at CU School of Medicine. The author makes it clear that the purpose of this article is warn those who read it about the dangers of synthetic marijuana and that it is a problem that is continuing to rise. The information in this article is fact because it mentions actual events of hospitalized users of synthetic marijuana.

This source is helpful to me because it includes facts about synthetic marijuana that I did not know. This is another article stating that synthetic drugs are bad and very harmful and it helps move my argument towards synthetic drugs being a bad thing. I can use this source in my research project as an example of the harmful affects of synthetic drugs.

Annotated Bibliography Peer Review Paris

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