Annotated Bibliography Rachel Modrow

Writer's Memo

  • I found this research to be particularly interesting:

Throughout my research starting it I never knew what the difference was in organic foods and conventional foods so it was nice to learn about the differences. The last article I found had some interesting facts that I didn't know about.

  • This part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult:

The whole bibliography was difficult for me to do I think, summarizing the articles was probably the most difficult because I didn't want to make it too long but at the same time I wanted all the information there.

  • Next time I would do this differently:

Next time, I would get started earlier so I don't feel that rushed and also make sure I understand everything I needed to do because I forgot to do the CRAAP test on some articles and then had to go back and do it.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Organic Foods: Are They Safer? More Nutritious?"

The article from the mayo clinic helps the reader understand what organic foods are and how they differ from other foods. The term organic refers to the way that farmers grow the crops and process them. One of the main differences discussed in the article is how the food is grown, with or without chemicals. The whole article is mostly the differences between organic and conventional farms and it really gives an incite to readers on what the differences are between the two.

This article passes the CRAAP test. When first looking at the article it comes from the Mayo Clinic which is a very reliable source. It is written by the Mayo Clinic Staff, when clicking on the link that describes the staff that wrote the article it also shows the doctors that edited the article to make sure it is all true and reliable facts. There are references at the end of the article, some books and some from the internet that show how they got some facts.

When reading this article it made me more aware of what the main difference is between organic and conventional foods. Before reading and researching I never knew anything about organic foods. This was a great article to start my research with because it did a really well job of describing the differences in organic and conventional foods.

Lippert, Marissa. "Q. Organic-or Not? Is Organic Produce Healthier Than Conventional?" Organic-or Not? Is Organic Produce Healthier Than Conventional? Eating Well, June 2011. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.

In this article the author describes two main arguments for eating organic: fewer pesticides and more nutrients. The Environmental Working Group and the FDA tests for pesticides on fruits and vegetables and the results showed that there were fewer pesticides on them then conventionally grown food. The main reason why organic foods have more nutrients and fewer pesticides is all in the soil that is being used to produce the crops.

This article comes from the Eating Well magazine. The article was written by Marissa Lippert, M.S., R.D. (Master of Science and Registered Dietitian). Meaning that she is very qualified to write about these things. The article is written in a good length, it is not too long but it also covers all the concepts she wanted it to.

This article made me think differently about organic foods as a whole and focus on certain foods, like fruits. While reading this article it made me think about all the pesticides that are located in fruits and different foods. I really enjoy eating fruits and I have never really thought about where they all come from and how different organic fruits would be. It made me more interested to read all about how the foods differ.

Associated Press. "Organic Food Hardly Healthier, Study Suggests." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 4 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

This article was mostly about a study done out of Stanford University. Doctors started research about organic foods to find out if they are really better. Organic foods can lower exposure to pesticides but they did not prove to be more nutritious the research shown. People want to switch their food to organic because of many reasons but in reality some of those reasons are not correct. The team that researched did find a notable difference with antibiotic-resistant germs, a health concern for many because these germs could lead to food poisoning. Organic or not though, all foods could cause food poisoning.

This article passes the CRAAP test. It comes from the CBS news which is a credible source. The article was written by the Associated Press, which is mentioned at the bottom of the article and they are one of the largest independent news gathering sources. The article was published in 2012 but it is still credible because there was a study done within the article that shows what they found.

When reading this article it made me more aware that many people are starting to do research and studies to see if organic really is healthier. I don't think that many people, like me for instance have been really informed on this topic so its good to read and learn about what it all really is about.

DeCostole, Jessica. "The Truth About Organic Foods." Redbook. Redbook, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

The article from Redbook discusses the issues that many families and consumers don't know about when shopping and looking for organic foods. The question that comes up in the article is "Are organic foods better for me?" when answering this the author does a good job of explaining what the difference is, the nutrition. The absence of pesticides and fertilizers boost the vitamins and antioxidants in foods. The author also describes when the best time to buy organic is. If you can afford it, then you should buy organic, if you can't afford everything organic then go and buy strawberries, apples, spinach organic. When buying organic foods also remember to always look for a USDA seal on the package.

For the most part this article passes the CRAAP test. There are many links in the article and all of them work and give information about what she said they would. The author does not have any contact information though to be able to reach her. All the information seems reliable and it stays on topic the whole time.

This article reminded me of the one the Mayo Clinic did. Lots of information that makes the reader learn all about organic foods and know the difference. This one really helped my research because it reminded people that even if things say organic or you think it is organic you should always check the label because you never know.

" - Are Organic Foods Better For You?" - Are Organic Foods Better For You? Prevent Disease, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014.

The criteria for organic foods to be able to get the organic sticker are very strict. Using any type of fertilizer, genetically modified organisms are all prohibited. Animals must be raised strictly on a 100 percent organic feed. Organic farming has advantages such as recycling animal waste and releasing fewer chemicals but it is also not always safer. The article goes on to discuss how not using some chemicals could be harmful. Using animal waste could lead to bacterial contamination. All together though the fruits of organic foods can be better for you because there are fewer pesticides.

This article is published from the prevention disease website. This is a very credible source because it researches and finds ways to prevent disease from happening to people. They have many facts that relate to my research. The one thing this article lacks is an authors name and a published date. There are sources at the bottom of the article that are reliable but they are also somewhat out of date, going back to 1998 and the 2000's, but they still work and can be credited.

Reading this article helped my research. I would have never thought about the different things that could happen to crops that had not used chemicals or animals. If an animal gets sick and needs medication they need to be taken off the farm and put somewhere else and not be considered organic anymore because of the medicine trying to make them healthy again.

Heaton, Shane. Assessing organic food quality: Is it better for you? (2002) pp. 55-60. pdf

When trying to answer the question, "is organic foods better for you?" it requires an assessment of the safety, nutritional content and biological value that helps grow the food. After studying and testing fruits in the United Kingdom they found some interesting results. There are over 400 pesticides in the UK and 48 percent of all fruits and vegetables tested in 1999 were found to contain these some of pesticides. When looking at organic foods they usually contain no pesticide residues, if they do happen to contain pesticides it is normally because of pollution in the environment of these farms.

I found this scholarly study by looking at google scholar. This study passes the CRAAP test. It is written by someone who is part of the soil association which deals with different soil. This article helped describe how the soil of organic foods are different then other foods and how that helps impact the crops grown. There are many resources at the bottom of this article also showing how they got some of their information.

When reading this article it made me more aware of the different countries and how they are also impacted in organic foods. I was surprised at how many pesticides they are able to use in the UK and get away with it.

Bittman, Mark. Eating Food That's Better for You, Organic or Not. (2009) pdf

The federal government began certifying food as "organic" in 2003 and since then sales have doubled in grocery stores. Most people buy it because they think it's better for them and the environment. This article goes on to talk about how most Americans would rather get something that says the word "organic" then something else because they think its healthier since it has the word "organic" on the label. Organic also does not always mean its locally grown and some people don't realize that.

This article passes the CRAAP test because of many reasons. It has a reliable source which is the New York Times. The author, Mark Bittman writes most of the food articles for the New York Times. This was published in 2009 which makes it a few years old but it still gives current topics and doesn't have that many statistics that could have changed throughout the years.

With all the research I have done on this topic I did not know that they started certifying them in 2003. This article was different from the others because it also discussed what people felt about the word organic itself. Reading this article it made me take a different view on the topic and I liked this article the best.

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