Arguing Cause Final Drafts K Wong

Society is undeniably bound to influence that surround them. Eating disorders have become a common norm in many communities. Even though we have the common sense of what is wrong and what is right, not everyone notices that they have fallen into enticing habits of eating disorders. The question is, who is to blame and what is the cause of all the victims of eating disorders? In society we cling to any form of media and bound ourselves to what others say about our own bodies, whether it be a compliment or an offense. An eating disorder is not a choice, and it is a major psychological problem occurring in people of all ages. But, there are those who accept the fact that they either have or want an eating disorder for non-ideal, unhealthy appearance goals. Sometimes the individual themselves may not notice the problem occurring.

An eating disorder is not something one can physically brush off, it is something that takes over a daily life. Numbers become everything and anything. Calorie counting, weight, appearance, exercise, and abuse of over the counter drugs are all used in an unhealthy way. Without treatment, it can lead to physical problems and eventually death. An eating disorder is hard to diagnose and those who have it may continue to believe that it’s a minor issue. This becomes very problematic, alluding to the fact that it is difficult to say who has an eating disorder yet not diagnosed as one. There is a fine line that separates those with diagnoses and those who have symptoms but are not classified as having an eating disorder.

Social media tends to promote and influence a lifestyle of eating disorders indirectly. In many of our media nowadays most demographics of clothing lines all pursue overly thin models. But, besides that many websites promote such body ideals. In"Pro-Anorexia Web Sites: The Thin Web Line" the question presented "Are these websites fueling an epidemic?", such websites are created by people who already have anorexia or bulimia and any other eating disorders. They may be in recovery from an eating disorder or both of the disorders. But, majority of the time, many of theses people are self-diagnosed.

These websites have been trending and horrifying parents and doctors for several years now. Those who already have eating disorders look towards theses promoting websites because they feel judged and can't rely on those outside of the realm. In defense of theses websites they are created for those who are looking for like-minded people, in a way they can express their opinion without being judged as stated by says 19-year-old Lizzy, a young woman from the San Francisco area who's created one of the better-known "pro-ana" sites. She’s one of the very few that offer the unglorifying factors of having an eating disorder. She continues to say that "Most people don't understand what it's like: They see anorexia as a disease to be cured, but they don't realize that it's also a mental demon that you have to deal with every day. At sites like mine, people can talk about what they're feeling without being judged."(Lizzy)

Dr. Doug Bunnell believes that such websites are affecting those who are ill to stay ill. The results provided that it was clear that 40% of adolescents responding to the survey has visited pro-anorexia sites, but as many as 34% visited on pro-recovery sites and or neither sites. (Peebles & Wilson) But, there are those who believe that it should become a lifestyle such influences misleads most viewers to glorifying the act as a lifestyle. Even some anorexia websites offer lessons to be learned.

Not all pro-ana/pro-mia sites glorify it as a lifestyle in perfection. Rather, there are also more pro-recovery sites compared to the opposite. The pro factor in this matter is that it is a place where those with eating disorders can be comfortable with what they have. Yet, there are many delusions and misinterpretations which trigger many of the behaviors. Such websites, but not all websites are fueling an epidemic. There is many people who are easily influenced no matter if the information was valid or not. It creates the obsessions of being thin and those who don't want to recover. The treatment of the illness is rather difficult because it is more difficult for recovery if the patient does not wish to recover.(Doug Bunnell,Ph.D.)

Women are encouraged to diet excessively, being influence brings the mind to a cycle. The most intense ways women are encouraged to enjoy beautifying experiences is in many attempts to control their bodies through excessive dieting. The contributions to the problem of eating disorders exceed such certain beauty ideal is where women want to experience the sublime. As we walk into the path of an eating disorder mindset. Self-starving is presented as the character wakes up at 5 AM feeling dizzy due to no food intake. The psychological aspect of thinking for someone who has an eating disorder doesn't think of hunger first. Instead of a typical idea of having a delicious meal, the idea of eating doesn't come to mind, more so it's the opposite. (Sheila Lintott) The feeling of being able to push through without eating, to push your body to its limits of hunger, to push through avoiding to eat all ends with the idea of being thin.

The idea that one feels guilty of giving into food can cause the fear of weight gain. If one were to devour food the second plan is to purge. There are ways around eating and not eating, what plays a big role in the situation is the act of feeling guilty. It helps the reader understand what mental state of mind. Many of those who are choosing this lifestyle abuse drugs such as laxatives on a daily basis because it is another way out. Which can lead to consequences, causing inflammation of the digestive tract from laxatives and esophagus from stomach acid.

In the New York Times, Deunwald explains the understanding of how body and image is portrayed now compared to how it was many decades ago. It begins with a comparison of Marilyn Monroe and Barbie. "Marilyn Monroe wore a size 14''; ''If Barbie was a real woman, she'd have to walk on all fours''; and ''The average woman weighs 144 lbs. and wears between a 12-14.''(Deunwald) Such body shape that Barbie has cannot and will never be able to be applied to a human being. The pressure of body and image now a days have put both women and men under the influence that thin is good. Some people are known to be naturally thin based on their metabolism and eating habits, but considering that most go to extremes about adopting excessive dietary habits can be bad for the body. This new article brings upon new movements that are pushing the obsession of being thin and skinny. This article provides a positive aspect to movements that correlate between what may be ideal and what may not be ideal. "In fact, weight experts point to signs that a weakening obsession with skinniness can lead to a stronger attraction to fitness."(Deunwald) It's pushing non-idealistic views to something that may be considered a healthier alternative. The act of pushing is that now such body and image portrayed in magazines considerably too thin or fat-shaming.

Women are encouraged to enjoy experiences such as hungry to get to their goal of being thin through excessive dieting. Tricks such as purging relieved some people of guilty thoughts of eating and other literary sources that relate to her argument or may go against it. This will lead to physical body damage and consequences.The mental state of mind of someone with an eating disorder may choose an eating disorder and see it as a goal to achieve and even a lifestyle. (Lintott) The actions and mental decisions can be caused by wanting a glorifying end result. But, it shouldn't be seen as a lifestyle. There is not beauty beyond having an eating disorder.

Family has a role in cases of eating disorders. As the saying goes, everything begins at home. Those within the family environment of having perfection, control, and enmeshment are the norms. It the development of self and self-image. (Haworth-Hoeppner) Such cultures do transmit messages about thinness and body shape. Family usually alludes and convey such judgement to other family members and so on. It leads theses individuals to no other option but look towards other options for help. Media portrays female bodies to be thin and ideal as a cultural aspect in present time.

Influences from what the media portray do influence women tend to begin disordered eating behaviors. Most women who fall under the categories of having self-control over choosing not to eat, such concepts and actions brings family to not be accepting and force provide food. Theses women begin to unacknowledged and judged where they further push their self-control of self-starvation. (Lintott) Sometimes such actions can also be easily hidden from family members where it isn't as noticeable as one would think. But, there are also those who consider that behavior cannot be directly accounted as cultural matters.

The role of family and culture is where disordered thinking and eating habit begins. Many families may come to find such actions as absurd and unacceptable, thus further leading the individual to seek a haven where no judgement is made and they continue to embrace the eating disorder, they have.(Haworth-Hoeppner)

Those who suffer from eating disorders are usually obsessed with food and their body weight. They tend to regulate how much they intake and how much they feel is still "too fat". Eating disorders affect more than several million people at any given time as the journal states. It is most common in women between the ages of 12 and 35. (SIRC) When it comes to eating disorders, there are three main types of, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Those who have anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are perfectionists who have very low self-esteem, causing actions such as regulating lower than normal intake. Sometimes such fear of gaining weight and continue to feel overweight may lead to self-starvation which can take their lives.

It has stated that some psychiatrists have argued over taking a group of eating disorders and putting them into specific categories to help clinicians and patients. Such categories are not specific since the category of EDNOS ranges from many similarities that derives into being an eating disorder. There are studies where Stanford University in California has found that 61.6% teenage girls were diagnosed to be under the category of EDNOS because they do not mark off as being anorexic and bulimic, yet they have criteria to be hospitalized.(JAMA) The University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis has found that patients diagnosed as EDNOS still hold similar aspects to those who are diagnosed with anorexia and bulimia.(JAMA)

People who suffer eating disorders typically don't know or want to admit that it is a problem. The American Psychiatric Association states that anorexia nervosa are diagnosed in patients who weigh at least 15 percent less than normal, healthy weight for their expected height.(A.P.A.) Typically people with anorexia nervosa don't maintain a normal weight and refuses to eat. Some symptoms of anorexia are menstrual period cease, brittle bones and nails, depression, skin is coated with yellow pigments, etc. As for bulimia nervosa the patient usually don't have a specific weight. They can be underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. (A.P.A) Those with bulimia eat frequently and possibly eat over thousands of calories but after the binge eating stops they begin to feel the fear of gaining weight. This is where they turn to purging and laxatives. Sufferers tend to hide their binges, they're behavior may go unnoticed even towards close ones. Some symptoms consist of inflamed throat, diuretics, irritation to the digestive system, etc. Treatments are both emotional and physical health through psychotherapy and having provided guidance.

There are a list of consequences with prolonged abuse of the disorders comes with life threatening issues. Those who may not know that they have an eating disorder are in a problematic dilemma. Such eating disorders are seen to have taken over their lives without anyone noticing or themselves even noticing. It was an abundance of insights behind what comes with prolonged abuse. Though we all have a common sense of what is right and wrong an eating disorder should not be viewed as a lifestyle or a choice. It is a major psychological problem occurring in people of all ages that should be addressed thoroughly. But, there are those who accept the fact that they either have or want an eating disorder for non-ideal, unhealthy appearance goals. By understanding the end results of eating disorders. It is not a battle one can defeat on their own, seeking help and options will give a life back.

Work Cited KWong

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