Bibliography Final Allison Morrow

I found this research to be particularly interesting: How Caffeine effects children and pregnant women
this part of my annotated bibliography was surprisingly difficult: How to summarize is a short amount of work
Next time I would do this differently: Spend more time in class

Micromedex. "Caffeine (Oral Route, Parenteral Route)." - Drugs and Supplements. N.p., 01 Nov. 2013. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.

This article from Mayo Clinic talks about before using, proper use, and precautions of caffeine. When pregnant woman should not consume caffeine because it can cause a miscarriage or slow the growth of the fetus. Also people with specific medical issues should not consume caffeine. You should follow doses given on powder containers or single use bottles. People should also consult the doctor if you have underlying medical conditions. If you consume more caffeine then proper amount it can cause many issues for your body. Caffeine has many side effects that should be considered.
This website is useful and reliable; it comes from a national accredited medical facility, Mayo Clinic. The purpose of this information is to inform the consumer of caffeine while leaving out the bias. This article has links that do work and have correct information that is related to the article information. This article is what leads me to choose caffeine because it was very interesting.
This gives me a starting point to my paper. It is a pathway for the base information of caffeine use. This source can be used as a point that caffeine is not good for people if they use it wrongly. This site gives a person the background information you need before people give their own opinions. This source has helped me find other topics I can potentially write about for the later assignments.

Reissig, Chad J. "Caffeinated Energy Drinks-A Growing Problem." Caffeinated Energy Drinks-A Growing Problem. N.p., 21 Sept. 2008. **Web. 10 Feb. 2014.**

Red bull was introduced in Austria in 1987 and then later in 1997 it was introduced in the United States. The range of caffeine can range between 50 milligrams and 505 milligrams. Genetic factors can also play into how much caffeine a person can consume. Some scientists think that energy drinks may lead people to try other harmful drugs. Since 2006 the amount of different energy drinks have grown immensely to over 500. The Food and Drug Administration have regulated caffeinated soft drinks.
The authors and reviews of this article are all from well-known places of medicine for example John Hopkins University School of Medicine. The date of publish is September 21st 2008; it does seem old however most of the information are still correct for todays standards. This article was written with collaborations with Drug and Alcohol Dependence center, making it very creditable source. They do not have links because it was published in print but it does give references.
This article gives all the statistics that people need to make their own judgment of whether they should consume caffeine or not. It is nice that they list many different kinds of drinks and includes the amount of caffeine that is in the drinks. It also makes people more aware because it lists information like caffeine toxicity/overdose, dependence and withdrawal.

Park, Sohyun, Stephen Onufrak, Heidi M. Blanck, and Bettylou Sherry. "Characteristics Associated with Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks among US Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 113.1 (2013): 112-19. JSTOR. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.

This article is mostly is survey about sport and energy drinks among adults in the United States. About 31.3 percent of people who took this survey has said that they have had an energy drinks within the last seven days. More then 43.5 percent of people had at least one cup of coffee each day. People who consumed energy was much higher in the 19-24 year range, more than any other group of people. Men are much more likely to drink energy drinks then women. Hispanics, young adults, non-married and low income people where much more likely to have energy drinks.
This article was published in 2010 and accepted into the Journal Of The Academy Of Nutrition and Dietetics. This experiment and article was written and created by doctors who all have PhDs. This source is very reliable because you had to meet certain criteria in order for it to be published. This source does pass the CRAAP test.
I thought that it would be a good idea to get a survey that was published recently because then you have real statistics about the energy drink consumption. The statistics of caffeine consumption were not what I expected to see they were much higher.

"Energy Drinks." Brown University. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

This article comes from Brown University Health Education. This article is about energy drinks and the problems with it. Some energy drinks at the high level can have more then 200 milligrams of caffeine per serving compared to 34 milligrams in Coca Cola. Caffeine can leave people severally dehydrated and should not be consumed before a work out. Mixing alcohol with energy drinks can become very dangerous since alcohol is a depressant and energy drinks is a stimulant.

This source is useful however it has some down falls. It is from a worthy source, Brown University Health Education, being that it is from a university means that it has to go through some sort of review. However it does not have an author. It seems to be avoiding any kind of bias because it is just stating the facts. It does pass the CRAAP test with a few minor problems. It does not have an author or a date of when it was published.

I think that this source is very interesting and opened my eyes about how much caffeine can be in energy drinks. The amount of caffeine is more then I expected it makes me think twice before I drink enough energy drink. I never realized that having caffeine before a work out can be bad for a persons health.

"Caffeine in the Diet: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 30 Apr. 2013. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.

Caffeine can be found naturally in certain plants but also can be man made and added to foods and drinks. It is a stimulant and also a diuretic, which means it, can help your body of fluids, dehydration. Caffeine does not stay in your body for long periods and it does not stay in your blood stream. It quickly is absorbed then passed along to your brain, and then urinated it out. It is found naturally in seeds, fruits, and leaves and in more then 60 different kinds of plants. Caffeine is usually used to help feeling fatigue but can cause fast heart rate. You can also experience withdrawals from not having caffeine.
I found that this website passed the CRAAP test for many reasons. First, It was recently updated on April 30th 2013, which was just last year. Second, it is apart of the MedlinePlus Medical Encyopedia. The Authors of this particle source are doctors and have background into this topic. Third, the links that they have do work and they have enough of them to give you other good information.
I really liked this source because it allowed me to read things that I haven’t read before about caffeine as a topic. I thought it was nice to include the natural products that caffeine is found in because not everyone knows that. Also, I liked that it showed how much caffeine is in each well-known food or drink, some of the things I would have never expected if I had not read this.

"Caffeine and Pregnancy: What's Safe?" BabyCentre. N.p., July 2013. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

While pregnant you do not have to give up ingesting caffeine all together however you should try and not consume so much throughout the day. If you have too much caffeine it can result in a woman having a miscarriage or the baby being born with a low birth weight. Just as the caffeine affects you, a higher heart rate, it does the same thing for the baby. Caffeine can also release acid in your stomach, which can cause you to become sick. Over the counter drugs have been known to have caffeine in them.
This article I read came from a baby center and it had to be approved by the BabyCentre Medical Advisory Board. Since it had to be approved it had to meet certain standards in order to be released, which mean it lacks any kind of bias. It was released in July 2013, which makes it a new source of information. The links included in the article all work and provide more in-depth information if one may want it. Overall, I believe that it did pass the CRAAP test.
I thought that looking into what will happen to the baby if the mother has too much caffeine would be very interesting. It opens your eyes to see what can actually happen to your body and your baby if you do have too much caffeine. I bet most pregnant women do not know that caffeine can have this effect on babies. Articles like these may be able to save babies if the mothers are aware.

"Caffeine and Your Child." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Mary L. Gavin. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Feb. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.

The central nervous system is what the caffeine effects and its can make people feel more energetic and more alert. The effects of caffeine are similar in children as they are to adults however kids react to less. Studies have found that if a child consumes one or more soft drink a day they are more than 60 percent more likely to become obese. Caffeine can cause the heart to become aggravated causing more heart problems and can cause nervous disorders with some children. It has been proven that caffeine does not stop a child from growing however as some scientists were worried about.
This is the most reliable website I have found so far. It passes the CRAAP test without any problems. This article was made on February first 2012. This article focuses on the facts, which make the bias stay away. The author is a medical doctor and is the founder of Nemours Center for Children, which makes her highly regarded.
I liked this site because I thought children would have similar reactions to caffeine as teenagers and adults do. However, they do not children cannot consume as much as adults and it can lead to more problems. When I was reading this it make me think about the future and how I have to watch what my kids eat and drink to make sure they are staying healthy.

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