Ch 9 Notes Chapter 9

How Do We Use Sources Responsibly

  • For scholars, nearly every paper is a research paper.

Writing with Integrity_

  • The results of "cheating" sometimes have obvious and immediate consequences.
  • The credibility and integrity of our scholarly work is therefore networked and interdependent. —> Cite our sources.
  • Copying from others denies you the opportunity to learn.


  • Typically means copying someone else's words or ideas without attribution.

Unauthorized Collaboration

  • Always ask your instructor, in advance, about what kinds of collaboration she allows.

Recycled Writing

  • You can't learn something new if you don't do the work.

Tips for Avoiding Plagiarism
*Get to know your honor code, academic integrity.

  • As you read, pay careful attention to how writers use their sources.
  • Maintain careful notes as you read and conduct research.
  • Don't be tempted to write your paper and then go back to fill in citations.
  • Don't procrastinate.

Quote and Integrate Sources

  • Why a quote is there?
  • What it means,
  • how it's related to, or supports, our argument.
  • Be sure to interpret the source
  • Ex: This passage suggests that…, In other words,… Here, the writer explains that…, In this section, the author offers…


  • Original Text
  • Proper paraphrase
  • Proper paraphrase with quotations
  • Patchwriting

How Do We Know When We Need to Cite Something?

  • Always cite quotations and paraphrases (include pg. number if available)
  • Cite summaries too
  • Cite statistics, dates, and other details that are not common knowledge.

Bibliographic Citations

  • A bibiliographic citation includes everything that a reader would need to know to find the exact source that you used.
  • in-text citations appear right next to where you summarize, paraphrase, or quote from your source.

Chapter 10 CH 10 Notes

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