Chapter 10 Berkelman
  • writing is a series of strategic choices
  • write compelling prose that can't possibly be misunderstood
  • perfectionism can cause writer's block
  • polishing can waste time and energy
  • editing while drafting is less effective
  • errors add confusion
  • errors diminish credibility
  • grammar involves the rules for how we use language traditionally or formally
  • usage is how most people actually use language in everyday conversations
  • many readers prefer active voice because it's usually clearer ans easier to read
    • passive voice reverses the order of the sentence and places the objects before the verb and subject
  • sometimes writers nominalize verbs by turning them into nouns
  • strategies for revisions:
    • rhetorical variation
    • amplification
    • linguistic variation
    • genre translation
  • rhetorical figures:
    • metaphor: "the stench of fear"
    • analogy: "quiet as a mouse"
    • hyperbole or exaggeration: "a pea-sized brain"
    • sarcasm: "I never let schooling interfere with my education"
  • figures of speech also have some risk:
    • reference failure
    • inappropriate style
    • misinterpretation
    • cliches
  • read your work aloud
  • invite a trusted friend, classmate, or writing center tutor to read your work aloud
  • always read as a writer
  • always write as a reader
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License