Chapter 2
  • Arguments explain what and why we think certain ways.
  • Arguments are formed and defined in two distinct ways
    • By functions
    • By form
  • A catalyst means a gap or imperfection, an answer that may be unknown, or a problem that may be unsolved.
  • Scholars, Government and military, lawyers, and scientists are the main people who use arguments.
  • The process of arguments start with a catalyst, go to an inquiry, transition into an argument, which leads to implications which starts all over again with a catalyst, making this a circle of events.
  • To build on an argument you need to have supporting claims.
    • The book uses the example of a claim, "You should keep reading" and the support as "this chapter will be really useful."
  • Evidence, something we can observe, is a primary source, which is something you can collect and review on your own terms.
  • Verification, things we can look up, is a secondary source, which is something that someone else has already analyzed and reviewed.
  • Illustration, involves things that we imagine, is an original source, that is created or borrowed for ones argument.
  • Making assumptions, things that are thought of but not always said aloud
    • evidence, verification, or other knowledge that we assume the audience knows,
    • values and beliefs
    • the catalyst or implications of the argument
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