Chapter 4 Alex

Starting with resources helps us

  • Verify if our work will yield anything new
  • Begin collecting information
  • Provide context
  • Borrow methods of investigating or theories
  • Identify views, assumptions, or conclusions to build/diverge on

Research paper

  1. Pick a topic
  2. Find convenient sources
  3. Take notes
  4. Organize notes either into an outline or a rough draft
  5. Glue it together with other sources
  6. Write an introduction
  7. Restate introduction as a conclusion

Persuasive paper

  1. Pick a controversy
  2. Choose a thesis you already know
  3. Think of reasons why your thesis is right
  4. Find supporting sources
  5. Ignore contradictory sources
  6. Write equivalent of a five paragraph essay


  1. Begin with a very specific problem or question that interests you - a catalyst
  2. Review scholarly publications - see if your question is worth asking
  3. Design and conduct an investigation
  4. Report results - in the form of an argument

Credible Sources Need

  • Stability
  • Credibility
  • Reliability

Credibility depends on the particular audience and situation

How do we find credible scholarly sources

  • Ask other scholars
  • Explore a research database
  • Search online

Summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting are very important

How to Summarize

  1. Read the text
  2. Create a reverse outline
  3. Select the most relevant points
  4. Write a summary
  5. Revise the summary

How to Paraphrase

  1. Read carefully
  2. Think about what it is saying
  3. Rewrite the gist of what the source says
  4. Double check the original
  5. Cite the author

Generate Ideas

  • Play the believing and doubting game
  • Find a source with which you strongly disagree
  • Create a table that compares and contrasts your sources
  • Pair two sources in controversy with each other
  • Look at one source through the "lens" of another source
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