Chapter 8 Alex

Structure ideas so the readers can make sense of it.

Organizing Rhetorically

  • What's my purpose? What am I trying to accomplish?
  • What kind of audience will read this? Will they resist or welcome my ideas?
  • How are the arguments that I have read organized?
  • Am I conducting original research?

Techniques for Organizing Thoughts

  • Visualize your organization-visualize it and decide if you want to separate them by years or topic. Have an overwhelming finish.
  • Experiment with maps, graphics, and software-visual representation
  • Create a reverse outline-composed after a draft is written

Developing your Arguments

Arguments about Existence and Fact


Arg about Definition

explain controversial terms before

Arg about Cause and Consequence

something is causing something else

Arg about Evaluation

The structure we choose can help promote synthesis

Arg about Policy

use to

  1. Describe a problem
  2. Present solutions
  3. Justifies a course of action

Select Scholarly Arrangements

The Scholarly Model

  1. Introduction
  2. Background
  3. Support
  4. Consideration of alternate arguments
  5. Conclusion

Organize your Revisions

Add transitions
Unify your argument
Design your document

Structure your Writing Process

Break assignment into manageable tasks
Break long assignment into chunks
Get feedback along the way
Don't insist on following a plan

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