Chapter 9

How Do We Use Sources Responsibly?

For scholars, nearly every paper is a research paper.

  • Write with integrity
    • Scholars maintain integrity by making an effort to not cheat other authors whose words and ideas are being borrowed by them.
    • We must be able to trust each others work and trust that our colleagues will use our work responsibly.

Copying from others denies you the opportunity to learn.

  • Plagiarism
    • copying someone else's words or ideas without attribution.
    • You will get into trouble for copying a passage from a source without quoting it directly

Always ask your instructor about which types of collaborations he/she allows.
* Handing in the same paper twice, once in high school and once in college for example, violates the primary purpose of academic integrity policies
You can't learn something new if you don't do the work.**

  • Tips for Avoiding Plagiarism
    • Get to know your honor code.
    • As you read, pay careful attention to how writers use their sources.
    • Maintain careful notes as you read and conduct research.
    • Don't be tempted to write your paper and then go back to fill in the citations.
    • Don't procrastinate.
  • How To Create a Conversation
    • Interpret the source.
    • Explain how the quotation relates to our argument.
    • Tell readers what makes the quotation significant.
    • Consider ways to make a source our own.

Scholars value accurate citations because they illustrate the genealogy of our work.

  • How Do We Know When We Need to Cite Something?
    • Always cite quotations and paraphrases.
    • Cite summaries, too.
    • Cite statistics, dates, and other details.
  • Bibliographic Citations

A bibliographic citation includes everything that a reader would need to know to find the exact source that you used.

  • In-Text Citations

** In-text citations appear right next to where you summarize, paraphrase, or quote from your source.
* Author names
* Titles
Keep track of whatever details you or your reader would need to retrace your steps to find each source again.
* Publication information

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