Chapter One
"Why Do We Argue"

So, What's The Point of Scholarly Writing

  • We have been communicating since before we could walk
  • Now a days, we have sites such as Twitter, Facebook, and Google as ways to communicate with each other, where we are constantly producing writing
  • Authentic writing involves us to genuinely care about a topic we are writing about. It is difficult to put a decent paper together when there is little meaning in what is being written
  • Higher education has two interrelated functions:
    • To communicate
    • Create Knowledge
  • We don't just attend college to get a degree, we learn life long skills, knowledge and habits that we can use in everyday life
  • Developing good habits early in your college career is key, these habits can even be picked up from the peers you work with
  • In order to properly understand a problem, you need to look at it from multiple angles
    • That way you don't look over important details

Looking deeper into details will prevent you from looking over details that are found under the surface of a bigger idea

  • Being abel to back up claims with logical details is important
    • You are not going to get let off easy by not having supporting information
  • Put thought into your reasoning to prevent errors in judgment

A Fresh Look at Your Old Writing Process

  • Beginner writers have a common theme of follow steps during the paper writing process
    • Starts with having an a topic, doing research, creating the outline, rough draft, editing, and the

final copy

  • Developing your writing ability takes four things:
  1. Knowledge
  2. Practice
  3. Feedback
  4. Motivation
  • As writing assignments become more difficult, it may become easier to write down ideas and build off of them
  • The writing process can be broken down into four parts:
    • Discovery - choosing a topic, identifying the proper questions to be asking, sources, organize ideas
    • Drafting - first version of a complete draft
    • Revision - adding, deleting, rearranging text
    • Editing - fixes/final touches for grammar, paragraph and sentence style, and formatting
  • More effort put into drafting your piece of writing, can lower the amount of time you invest in revising your paper
    • Most time should be spent in drafting your paper and the least amount in revision. (for non experienced writers)

practicing Argument

  • Arguments have a purpose and interest the participant
  • Arguments address a specific audience
  • Arguments belong to larger conversations, histories, and contexts that determine rules for what counts as a good argument
    • Writers must know what methods of reasoning are typical, what kinds of evidence are acceptable and what other writers have already said about the subject
  • Arguments pursue an ideal purpose
  • Adress a sophisticated, demanding audience
  • Various elements of the Rhetorical Situation are:
    • Who (Author, Audience)?
    • What and How (Subject Matter, Argument, and Style)?
    • When and Where (Context)?
    • Why (Writer's Motivation)?

From Academic to Scholarly Writing

  • Arguments purpose depends on the target audience
  • When writers have something specific they would like to say, they imagine their target audience early and often
  • To figure out what the specific writing task is calling for, ask yourself:
    • What could this kind of writing achieve
    • what could this argument do for readers

Questions they ask themselves when they are trying to imagine their target audience:

  • Who would care about my topic?
  • What writing styles will those readers expect and find persuasive?
  • what publications does that audience read?

So What?

  • Scholars read and write arguments to investigate three basic questions
  1. How do we know what we know?
  2. Why do we believe what we believe?
  3. How can we improve what we know and believe?
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