Notes K Wong

Chapter 1: Why Do We Argue?

  • Setting some goals for writing is ideal.

Developing skills and habits of writing helps one succeed. Within a scholarly habits of mind it is noted that decisions should be made carefully and with time. Within any topics there are always more than one issue related to it. The writer must understand that the issue is rather complicated and not just one sided. There's more that can be built on it, such as many different opinions, viewpoints, and information. By rushing into the argument and topic you're somewhat going into a fight like deer in head lights. With that there is no variation and it's pretty much one-sided. Without careful decision making and considering the time to find out more about the topic/argument the audience may feel bored or clearly against the writers opinion. With careful decision making and time comes with careful explanations and shows proof of their conclusion for others to argue back. Everyone has a limited insight that's why critical thinking/rhetorical thinking comes into play when writing.

  • People within arguments must have aspects of persuasion that would benefit their own belief/argument/side.

Writing Ability consist of: (Taken from Oxford University Press So What? The Writers Argument)

  • Knowledge
  • Practice
  • Feedback
  • Motivation

A Better Writing Process


  • Looking for the right things to say and ask depending on the audience and the time. (Think about Kairos - there is a time and place for everything)
  • Choosing the right topic you strongly can build upon.
  • Apply the right outside source and process it with careful explanations for the reader.
  • Organizing ideas to be more precise and going with the flow of argument.


  • first version of the paper


  • Adding more to writing
  • Deleting some text
  • Rearranging text (Creating a flow of words/ideas)
  • A way to make the argument better.


  • Finish touches to paragraphs and sentences.
  • Provides a style of writing
  • Grammar check
  • Formatting of ideas

Typically as writers below scholarly level tend to focus more on drafting the text and its contents rather than focusing on bigger things like thinking about what else related to the choosen topic/argument and rethinking about what has been written in the contents. Questions like "Is this the right question to ask?", "Is this a strong topic I can build on?", etc. should help the writer narrow down the importance of the argument from the just-extra information. By thinking about the chosen topic and rethinking its written contents would help make the argument stronger.

Practice is a must.

Practicing arguments can derive from:

  • Real problems that sparks interests.
  • Arguments addressed to specific audiences.
  • Arguments that can be built on long conversations,histories, and context.
  • Pursue ideal purposes
  • Addressing arguments where there are many viewpoints and demands an audience.

The study of rhetoric is the study of how persuasion and communication work.

When building on a rhetoric way of speaking you must be aware of the content you read and what the author/audience purpose is.

Who? The Author and audience of course!

  • Who is the author and what is the writing contents for? (What kind of audience is it?)
  • Audiences background/demographics
  • What are the viewpoints that may have already arised?

What and How Subj. Matter, Argument, and Style

  • Is the argument implied regarding the position of the author vs. the audience?
  • How much background information is given for the audience to understand the authors stance?
  • How is the text organized? What is it's purpose?
  • What evidence/proof are provided for the argument?
  • How does the text provide a stance for the author within the argument?
  • What tone does the author use to address the argument/stance?
  • What sticks out in the way the author writes?
  • Does the author provide more statistics than experience?
  • Citation style?
  • Footnotes/endnotes?
  • Designated style of text? (Playful,normal, formal,etc.)

When and Where Context

  • When and where was it published?
  • Does the location and time display a difference in audience?
  • Internet sites that help benefit the authors text?

Why The Writers Motivation

  • What is the authors purpose and stance in the argument?
  • What motivation did the author have for writing?
  • What is the important aspects that was used to provide an argument/stance?

Writing always comes with a purpose. Without a purpose the written piece would be poor and not rhetorical. When writing with a purpose comes aspects of analyzing the topic itself to see how it works and fits. Along comes the evaluation of what is being judged (is the argument good or bad?). Interpret the meaning implied by the author.

When writing there will always be a main audience (target audience), secondary audience, and tertiary audience. By understanding why your chosen topic matters and how you can benefit your context by providing proof it would allow a bigger and broader aspect be applied to your argument. Thus, making your argument a good argument. Make the given/chosen topic/argument matter. Make it matter. Being able to provide its purpose, target audience, and significance to the author will create a context of importance. Context of importance meaning things that you, as the author want to get across to the target audiences.

Page 2 Chapter 2 Notes

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